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      The Odonata of Quebec: Specimen data from seven collections

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          Abstract

          Abstract
          Background

          The Odonata , dragonflies and damselflies, constitute one of the more charismatic and better-studied orders of insects. The approximately 6,000 extant species on Earth can be variously found on all continents, except Antarctica. A relatively stable taxonomy, a relative ease of species identification and an aquatic immature stage has made the Odonata a taxon of interest in documenting the symptoms of global environmental change, especially at higher latitudes. The Odonata fauna of the north-temperate Canadian province of Quebec includes 150 species, many of which are at the northern limits of their geographic distribution.

          New information

          Quebec hosts multiple entomological specimen depositories, including seven publicly-accessible research collections. One of these, the University of Montreal's Ouellet-Robert Entomological Collection, houses an exceptionally large collection of Odonata . An initial specimen data capture project for this collection gathered 31,595 Quebec Odonata occurrence records, but several Quebec species were missing and geographic coverage was biased towards the Montreal region. To complement this dataset, we undertook to digitise the Odonata records of six other public research collections. They are, in order of Quebec Odonata collection size, the Laval University Entomological Collection, McGill University's Lyman Entomological Museum, the Insectarium of Montreal Research Collection, the Quebec Government's Insect Collection, Bishop's University's Insect Collection and the Laurentian Forestry Centre's René-Martineau Insectarium. Of the 40,447 total specimen occurrence records, 36,951 are identified to the species level, including 137 of the 150 species officially-recorded in Quebec and 2 non-nominotypical subspecies. We here summarise the data and highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the datasets. The complete dataset is available with this publication (Suppl. material 1), whereas the specimen data associated with each collection are available as Darwin Core archives at Canadensys.net and will be updated as appropriate.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 27

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          Minimum required number of specimen records to develop accurate species distribution models

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            Natural history collections as sources of long-term datasets.

             Adrian Lister,   (2011)
            In the otherwise excellent special issue of Trends in Ecology and Evolution on long-term ecological research (TREE 25(10), 2010), none of the contributors mentioned the importance of natural history collections (NHCs) as sources of data that can strongly complement past and ongoing survey data. Whereas very few field surveys have operated for more than a few decades, NHCs, conserved in museums and other institutions, comprise samples of the Earth's biota typically extending back well into the nineteenth century and, in some cases, before this time. They therefore span the period of accelerated anthropogenic habitat destruction, climate warming and ocean acidification, in many cases reflecting baseline conditions before the major impact of these factors.
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              Odonates as biological indicators of grazing effects on Canadian prairie wetlands

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2828
                2020
                28 February 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada University of Montreal Montreal Canada
                [2 ] Quebec Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Quebec City, Canada Quebec Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Quebec City Canada
                [3 ] Insectarium of Montreal, Montreal, Canada Insectarium of Montreal Montreal Canada
                [4 ] Concordia University, Montreal, Canada Concordia University Montreal Canada
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Colin Favret ( colinfavret@ 123456aphidnet.org ).

                Academic editor: Benjamin Price

                Article
                49450 11772
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e49450
                7060285
                Colin Favret, Joseph Moisan-De Serres, Maxim Larrivée, Jean-Philippe Lessard

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 10, Tables: 2, References: 34
                Funding
                Funded by: Canada Foundation for Innovation 501100000196 http://doi.org/10.13039/501100000196
                Categories
                Data Paper (Biosciences)
                Odonata
                Biogeography
                Cartography, Remote Sensing and GIS
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Catalogues and Checklists
                Faunistics & Distribution
                Quebec

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