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      Avances y perspectivas en Síndrome de Asperger Translated title: Progress and prospects in Asperger Syndrome

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          Abstract

          El síndrome de Asperger es un trastorno generalizado del desarrollo, fue descrito por Hans Asperger en 1944. Se caracteriza por una marcada alteración social, dificultades en la comunicación, déficit en la capacidad de juego y un rango de comportamiento e intereses repetitivos, sin un retardo significativo en el lenguaje, ni cognitivo. Considerando la importancia del tema actualmente, en este se hace una revisión amplia sobre el tema que abraca aspectos como: características clínicas, alteraciones al examen físico, posibles alteraciones estructurales y funcionales. También se especifican los criterios del DSM-IV, del diagnóstico diferencial y del diagnóstico diferencial. Finalmente, se puntualizan algunos aspectos relacionados con la genética y el tratamiento.

          Translated abstract

          Asperger syndrome is a pervasive developmental disorder; it was described by Hans Asperger in 1944. It is characterized by a marked social disruption, difficulties in communication, deficit in the ability to play and a range of interests and repetitive behavior, without a significant language or cognitive delay. Considering the current importance of the item, this is done in a comprehensive review on the subject that covers aspects such as: clinical features, alterations to the physical examination, and possible structural and functional alterations. Also the DSM-IV criteria and the differential diagnosis are specified. Finally, some of the aspects related to the genetics and treatment are discussed.

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          Most cited references 31

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          Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.

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            Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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              American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision

               J Franklin,  R rancés (2000)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                nova
                Nova
                Nova
                Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca (Bogotá )
                1794-2470
                January 2014
                : 12
                : 21
                : 81-101
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Nacional de Colombia Colombia
                Article
                S1794-24702014000100007

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Colombia
                Categories
                SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY

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