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      LQG for the Bewildered

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          Abstract

          We present a pedagogical introduction to the notions underlying the connection formulation of General Relativity - Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) - with an emphasis on the physical aspects of the framework. We begin by reviewing General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory, to emphasise the similarities between them which establish a foundation upon which to build a theory of quantum gravity. We then explain, in a concise and clear manner, the steps leading from the Einstein-Hilbert action for gravity to the construction of the quantum states of geometry, known as \emph{spin-networks}, which provide the basis for the kinematical Hilbert space of quantum general relativity. Along the way we introduce the various associated concepts of \emph{tetrads}, \emph{spin-connection} and \emph{holonomies} which are a pre-requisite for understanding the LQG formalism. Having provided a minimal introduction to the LQG framework, we discuss its applications to the problems of black hole entropy and of quantum cosmology. A list of the most common criticisms of LQG is presented, which are then tackled one by one in order to convince the reader of the physical viability of the theory. An extensive set of appendices provide accessible introductions to several key notions such as the \emph{Peter-Weyl theorem}, \emph{duality} of differential forms and \emph{Regge calculus}, among others. The presentation is aimed at graduate students and researchers who have some familiarity with the tools of quantum mechanics and field theory and/or General Relativity, but are intimidated by the seeming technical prowess required to browse through the existing LQG literature. Our hope is to make the formalism appear a little less bewildering to the un-initiated and to help lower the barrier for entry into the field.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          2014-02-14
          2015-02-01
          Article
          1402.3586

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

          Custom metadata
          87 pages, 15 figures, manuscript submitted for publication
          gr-qc hep-th

          General relativity & Quantum cosmology, High energy & Particle physics

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