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      Effect of pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenberg position on oropharyngeal sealing pressure of I-gel™ and ProSeal LMA™ in laparoscopic gynecological surgery: A randomized controlled trial

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          A sustained and effective oropharyngeal sealing with supraglottic airway (SGA) is required to maintain the ventilation during laparoscopic gynecological surgery in the Trendelenburg position. This study was conducted with I-gel™ and ProSeal LMA™, two prototype SGA devices with a gastric access.

          Materials and Methods:

          We enrolled 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II patients and randomized to either I-gel or ProSeal LMA (PLMA) group. After induction of anesthesia using a standardized protocol, one of the SGA devices was inserted. The primary objective of this study was to compare the oropharyngeal leak (sealing) pressure of I-gel™ and ProSeal LMA™ after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenberg position. The secondary objectives were to compare ease of insertion, cuff position as assessed by the fiberoptic view of the glottis, adequacy of ventilation and incidence of complication.


          The baseline (before pneumoperitoneum) oropharyngeal leak pressure of I-gel was less than the PLMA (mean (standard deviation [SD]) 24 (4) vs. 29 (4) cmH 2O, respectively; P < 0.001). After pneumoperitoneum, the leak airway pressure in I-gel group was significantly less than that of PLMA group (mean [SD] 27 (3) vs. 34.0 (4) cmH 2O, respectively; P < 0.001). Peak airway pressure was increased after pneumoperitoneum compared to baseline in both the groups. However, end-tidal carbon dioxide was maintained within normal limits. The insertion parameters, fiberoptic view of the glottis, fiberoptic view of the drain tube, and complications were comparable between the groups.


          Both I-gel and PLMA are effective for ventilation in gynecological laparoscopic surgeries. However, PLMA provides better sealing as compared to I-gel.

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          Most cited references 18

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          Initial anatomic investigations of the I-gel airway: a novel supraglottic airway without inflatable cuff.

           R M Levitan,  W Kinkle (2005)
          The I-gel airway is a novel supraglottic airway that uses an anatomically designed mask made of a gel-like thermoplastic elastomer. We studied the positioning and mechanics of this new device in 65 non-embalmed cadavers with 73 endoscopies (eight had repeat insertion), 16 neck dissections, and six neck radiographs. A full view of the glottis (percentage of glottic opening score 100%) occurred in 44/73 insertions, whereas only 3/73 insertions had epiglottis-only views. Including the eight repeat insertions with a different size, a glottic opening score of > 50% was obtained in all 65 cadavers. The mean percentage of glottic opening score for the 73 insertions was 82% (95% confidence interval 75-89%). In each of the neck dissections and radiographs the bowl of the device covered the laryngeal inlet. We found that the I-gel effectively conformed to the perilaryngeal anatomy despite the lack of an inflatable cuff and it consistently achieved proper positioning for supraglottic ventilation.
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            A proposed fiber-optic scoring system to standardize the assessment of laryngeal mask airway position.

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              The LMA 'ProSeal'--a laryngeal mask with an oesophageal vent.

               A Brain,  C Verghese,  P Strube (2000)
              We describe a new laryngeal mask airway (LMA) that incorporates a second tube placed lateral to the airway tube and ending at the tip of the mask. The second tube is intended to separate the alimentary and respiratory tracts. It should permit access to or escape of fluids from the stomach and reduce the risks of gastric insufflation and pulmonary aspiration. It can also determine the correct positioning of the mask. A second posterior cuff is fitted to improve the seal. A preliminary crossover comparison with the standard mask in 30 adult female patients showed no differences in insertion, trauma or quality of airway. At 60 cm H2O intracuff pressure, the new LMA gave twice the seal pressure of the standard device (P < 0.0001) and permitted blind insertion of a gastric tube in all cases. It is concluded that the new device merits further study.

                Author and article information

                Anesth Essays Res
                Anesth Essays Res
                Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                Sep-Dec 2015
                : 9
                : 3
                : 353-358
                Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Dr. Sandeep Kumar Mishra, D-II/10 Quarters, JIPMER Campus, Dhanvantri Nagar, Pondicherry - 605 006, India. E-mail: jipmermishra@ 123456gmail.com
                Copyright: © 2015 Anesthesia: Essays and Researches

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

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