A sustained and effective oropharyngeal sealing with supraglottic airway (SGA) is required to maintain the ventilation during laparoscopic gynecological surgery in the Trendelenburg position. This study was conducted with I-gel™ and ProSeal LMA™, two prototype SGA devices with a gastric access.
We enrolled 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II patients and randomized to either I-gel or ProSeal LMA (PLMA) group. After induction of anesthesia using a standardized protocol, one of the SGA devices was inserted. The primary objective of this study was to compare the oropharyngeal leak (sealing) pressure of I-gel™ and ProSeal LMA™ after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenberg position. The secondary objectives were to compare ease of insertion, cuff position as assessed by the fiberoptic view of the glottis, adequacy of ventilation and incidence of complication.
The baseline (before pneumoperitoneum) oropharyngeal leak pressure of I-gel was less than the PLMA (mean (standard deviation [SD]) 24 (4) vs. 29 (4) cmH 2O, respectively; P < 0.001). After pneumoperitoneum, the leak airway pressure in I-gel group was significantly less than that of PLMA group (mean [SD] 27 (3) vs. 34.0 (4) cmH 2O, respectively; P < 0.001). Peak airway pressure was increased after pneumoperitoneum compared to baseline in both the groups. However, end-tidal carbon dioxide was maintained within normal limits. The insertion parameters, fiberoptic view of the glottis, fiberoptic view of the drain tube, and complications were comparable between the groups.