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      Pain assessment: global use of the Brief Pain Inventory.

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      Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore

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          Abstract

          Poorly controlled cancer pain is a significant public health problem throughout the world. There are many barriers that lead to undertreatment of cancer pain. One important barrier is inadequate measurement and assessment of pain. To address this problem, the Pain Research Group of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Symptom Evaluation in Cancer Care has developed the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), a pain assessment tool for use with cancer patients. The BPI measures both the intensity of pain (sensory dimension) and interference of pain in the patient's life (reactive dimension). It also queries the patient about pain relief, pain quality, and patient perception of the cause of pain. This paper describes the development of the Brief Pain Inventory and the various applications to which the BPI is suited. The BPI is a powerful tool and, having demonstrated both reliability and validity across cultures and languages, is being adopted in many countries for clinical pain assessment, epidemiological studies, and in studies of the effectiveness of pain treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Ann Acad Med Singap
          Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
          0304-4602
          0304-4602
          Mar 1994
          : 23
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Pain Research Group, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53705-4013.
          Article
          8080219

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