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      Pubertal Changes in Biochemical Markers of Growth

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          Abstract

          Puberty is a crucial period of life during which dramatic hormonal changes induce notable modifications in linear growth, bone mass and body composition. These changes are associated with variations in some biochemical parameters such as markers of bone turnover and leptin, which may reflect changes in bone growth and fat mass, respectively. Children with growth hormone (GH) deficiency have reduced concentrations of bone markers, which increase during GH administration, while the levels of leptin decrease. There have been few studies analysing the behaviour of bone markers during puberty in GH-treated GH-deficient patients and no studies analysing the behaviour of leptin. Results from a longitudinal study showed that there was no change in serum osteocalcin, carboxy-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, and cross-linked carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen levels during puberty in GH-treated GH-deficient children. Some studies have shown that changes in markers of bone turnover and leptin after short-term GH treatment may predict the growth response (at 6–12 months) to GH administration in GH-deficient children. At present, insufficient data are available for the clinical use of these parameters as markers of growth response during pubertal development and as predictors of long-term growth response to GH treatment in children with GH deficiency. Nevertheless, the use of more and possibly new markers might improve the accuracy of growth prediction models in the future.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Leptin Inhibits Bone Formation through a Hypothalamic Relay

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            Leptin is a potent stimulator of bone growth in ob/ob mice.

            Leptin, the product of the obese gene, is a circulating hormone secreted primarily from adipocytes. The lack of leptin in ob/ob mice, who are homozygous for the obese gene, results in hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperphagia, obesity, infertility, decreased brain size and decreased stature. To this end, we investigated the role of leptin as a hormonal regulator of bone growth. Leptin administration led to a significant increase in femoral length, total body bone area, bone mineral content and bone density in ob/ob mice as compared to vehicle treated controls. The increase in total body bone mass was a result of an increase in both trabecular and cortical bone mass. These results suggest that the decreased stature of the ob/ob mouse is due to a developmental defect that is readily reversible upon leptin administration. Our demonstration that the signalling or long form (Ob-Rb) of the leptin receptor is present in both primary adult osteoblasts and chondrocytes suggests that the growth promoting effects of leptin could be direct. In summary, these results indicate a novel role for leptin in skeletal bone growth and development.
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              Plasma Leptin Levels in Healthy Children and Adolescents: Dependence on Body Mass Index, Body Fat Mass, Gender, Pubertal Stage, and Testosterone

               W F Blum (1997)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                978-3-8055-7609-3
                978-3-318-00998-9
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2003
                July 2003
                17 November 2004
                : 60
                : Suppl 1
                : 46-51
                Affiliations
                Department of Reproductive Medicine and Pediatrics, Endocrine Unit, Division of Pediatrics, University of Pisa, Pisa,Italy
                Article
                71225 Horm Res 2003;60(suppl 1):46–51
                10.1159/000071225
                12955017
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 2, References: 43, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Puberty

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