20 December 2019
Obesity that is highly associated with numerous metabolic diseases has become a global health issue nowdays. Plant sesterterpenoids are an important group of natural products with great potential; thus, their bioactivities deserve extensive exploration. RNA-seq analysis indicated that leucosceptroid B, a sesterterpenoid previously discovered from the glandular trichomes of Leucosceptrum canum, significantly regulated the expression of 10 genes involved in lipid metabolism in Caenorhabditis elegans. Furthermore, leucosceptroid B was found to reduce fat storage, and downregulate the expression of two stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) genes f at-6 and fat-7, and a fatty acid elongase gene elo-2 in wild-type C. elegans. In addition, leucosceptroid B significantly decreased fat accumulation in both fat-6 and fat-7 mutant worms but did not affect the fat storage of fat-6; fat-7 double mutant. These findings indicated that leucosceptroid B reduced fat storage depending on the downregulated expression of fat-6, fat-7 and elo-2 and thereby inhibiting the biosynthesis of the corresponding unsaturated fatty acid. These findings provide new insights into the development and utilization of plant sesterterpenoids as potential antilipemic agents.