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      Psychometric Analysis of the Short-Form UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-6) Among Palestinian University Students

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      * , a , , a , a
      Interpersona
      PsychOpen
      loneliness, confirmatory factor analysis, short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale, ULS-6

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this research was to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-6) among Palestinian university students. The sample consisted of 288 university students (56% women and 44% men), aged 18-22 years. The psychometric characteristics of the ULS-6 were examined using confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis, and criterion-related validity methods. The unidimensionality of the ULS-6 was supported among Palestinian university students. The ULS-6 showed good psychometric characteristics, with adequate internal consistency. In addition, the ULS-6 was negatively correlated with significant others support, family support, friends support, self-esteem and satisfaction with life. The results of the present study suggested that the Arabic version of the ULS-6 constitutes a concise psychometrically sound tool to assess loneliness.

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          Most cited references53

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          The Satisfaction With Life Scale.

          This article reports the development and validation of a scale to measure global life satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the various components of subjective well-being, the SWLS is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness. The SWLS is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability. Scores on the SWLS correlate moderately to highly with other measures of subjective well-being, and correlate predictably with specific personality characteristics. It is noted that the SWLS is Suited for use with different age groups, and other potential uses of the scale are discussed.
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            Comparative fit indexes in structural models.

            P. Bentler (1990)
            Normed and nonnormed fit indexes are frequently used as adjuncts to chi-square statistics for evaluating the fit of a structural model. A drawback of existing indexes is that they estimate no known population parameters. A new coefficient is proposed to summarize the relative reduction in the noncentrality parameters of two nested models. Two estimators of the coefficient yield new normed (CFI) and nonnormed (FI) fit indexes. CFI avoids the underestimation of fit often noted in small samples for Bentler and Bonett's (1980) normed fit index (NFI). FI is a linear function of Bentler and Bonett's non-normed fit index (NNFI) that avoids the extreme underestimation and overestimation often found in NNFI. Asymptotically, CFI, FI, NFI, and a new index developed by Bollen are equivalent measures of comparative fit, whereas NNFI measures relative fit by comparing noncentrality per degree of freedom. All of the indexes are generalized to permit use of Wald and Lagrange multiplier statistics. An example illustrates the behavior of these indexes under conditions of correct specification and misspecification. The new fit indexes perform very well at all sample sizes.
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              The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                IJPR
                Interpersona
                Interpersona
                An International Journal on Personal Relationships
                Interpersona
                PsychOpen
                1981-6472
                2017
                23 February 2018
                : 11
                : 2
                : 113-125
                Affiliations
                [a ]Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto , Porto, Portugal
                Author notes
                [* ]Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135, Porto, Portugal. Pal22_22@ 123456yahoo.com
                Article
                ijpr.v11i2.269
                10.5964/ijpr.v11i2.269
                9bec4a47-dccd-4941-aa4c-95d329696ecd
                Copyright @ 2018

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 11 January 2017
                : 12 October 2017
                Categories
                Articles

                Psychology
                ULS-6,short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale,confirmatory factor analysis,loneliness
                Psychology
                ULS-6, short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale, confirmatory factor analysis, loneliness

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