+1 Recommend
0 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Single Chain Antibody Fragment against Venom from the Snake Daboia russelii formosensis

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Russell’s vipers containing hemotoxic and neurotoxic venom commonly cause snake envenomation. Horse-derived antivenom is a specific antidote, but its production is expensive and has side effects. Developing a cost-effective and more tolerable therapeutic strategy is favorable. In this study, using glutaraldehyde-attenuated Daboia russelii formosensis (DRF) venom proteins to immunize chickens, polyclonal yolk-immunoglobulin (IgY) antibodies were generated and showed a specific binding affinity. Phage display technology was used to generate two antibody libraries of single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) containing 3.4 × 10 7 and 5.5 × 10 7 transformants, respectively. Phage-based ELISA indicated that specific clones were enriched after bio-panning. The nucleotide sequences of scFv-expressing clones were analyzed and classified into six groups in the short linker and four groups in the long linker. These scFv antibodies specifically bound to DRF proteins, but not other venom proteins. Mass spectrometric data suggested that these scFv antibodies may recognize phospholipase A2 RV-4 or RV-7. In vivo studies showed that anti-DRF IgY exhibited complete protective effects and mixed scFv antibodies increased the survival rate and time of mice challenged with a lethal dose of DRF proteins. These antibodies can be potentially applied in a rapid diagnostic method or for treatment in the future.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 50

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          NIH Image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis.

          For the past 25 years NIH Image and ImageJ software have been pioneers as open tools for the analysis of scientific images. We discuss the origins, challenges and solutions of these two programs, and how their history can serve to advise and inform other software projects.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Measurements of the true affinity constant in solution of antigen-antibody complexes by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

            A simple, general procedure is described for the determination of the dissociation constant (KD) of antigen-antibody equilibria in solution. First the monoclonal antibody is incubated in solution with the antigen until the equilibrium is reached; then the proportion of antibody which remains unsaturated at equilibrium is measured by a classical indirect ELISA. The experimental values of KD found by this ELISA procedure for 2 monoclonal antibodies are shown to be very close to those obtained by conventional methods (immunoprecipitation of the radiolabeled antigen, or fluorescence transfer). Moreover, it is shown that, provided the measurements are made under conditions where the total antigen concentration is in large excess over the total antibody concentration, the dissociation constant of antibody-antigen complexes can be determined even with crude preparations of monoclonal antibody. The sensitivity of the ELISA used permits the detection of very small concentrations of antibody and the determination of KD values as small as 10(-9) M. This method also offers the great advantage of dealing with unmodified molecules since no labeling of either the antigen or the antibody is required.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Snake venom components and their applications in biomedicine.

              Snake envenomation is a socio-medical problem of considerable magnitude. About 2.5 million people are bitten by snakes annually, more than 100,000 fatally. However, although bites can be deadly, snake venom is a natural biological resource that contains several components of potential therapeutic value. Venom has been used in the treatment of a variety of pathophysiological conditions in Ayurveda, homeopathy and folk medicine. With the advent of biotechnology, the efficacy of such treatments has been substantiated by purifying components of venom and delineating their therapeutic properties. This review will focus on certain snake venom components and their applications in health and disease.

                Author and article information

                Role: Academic Editor
                Toxins (Basel)
                Toxins (Basel)
                27 October 2017
                November 2017
                : 9
                : 11
                [1 ]Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan; chihsine@ 123456msn.com (C.-H.L.); yllee@ 123456tmu.edu.tw (Y.-L.L.); cmbsycl@ 123456tmu.edu.tw (S.-J.L.); ltlin@ 123456tmu.edu.tw (L.-T.L.)
                [2 ]The Center of Translational Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan; ycl@ 123456tmu.edu.tw
                [3 ]Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
                [4 ]Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Landseed Hospital, Taoyuan 32449, Taiwan; chen3971@ 123456landseed.com.tw
                [5 ]Center for Diagnostics and Vaccine Development, Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei 11561, Taiwan; jrc@ 123456cdc.gov.tw
                [6 ]School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan; pmwale@ 123456medcol.mw
                [7 ]Navi Bio-Therapeutics Inc., Taipei 10351, Taiwan; boryutsai@ 123456navibio.com.tw
                [8 ]Department of Laboratory Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11696, Taiwan; oryx@ 123456w.tmu.edu.tw
                [9 ]Core Laboratory of Antibody Generation and Research, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: yangyuan@ 123456tmu.edu.tw ; Tel.: +886-2-2736-1661 (ext. 3325); Fax: +886-2-2732-4510
                © 2017 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).



                Comment on this article