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      Correction of Multiple Canine Impactions by Mixed Straightwire and Cantilever Mechanics: A Case Report

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          Abstract

          Background. This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a woman, aged 17 years, with a permanent dentition, brachyfacial typology, Angle Class I, with full impaction of two canines (13,33), and a severe ectopy of the maxillary left canine. Her main compliant was the position of the ectopic teeth. Methods. Straightwire fixed appliances, together with cantilever mechanics, were used to correct the impaired occlusion and to obtain an ideal torque control. Results and Conclusion. The treatment objectives were achieved in 26 months of treatment. The impactions were fully corrected with an optimal torque. The cantilever mechanics succeeded in obtaining tooth repositioning in a short lapse of time. After treatment, the dental alignment was stable.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders: review, criteria, examinations and specifications, critique.

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            The palatally displaced canine as a dental anomaly of genetic origin.

            Palatal displacement of the maxillary canine tooth is a positional variation thought generally to develop as a result of local factors, such as retained deciduous canines, anomalous permanent lateral incisors, or dental crowding. This article contributes biologic evidence pointing to genetic factors as the primary origin of most palatal displacements and subsequent impactions of maxillary canine teeth. Data gathered from multiple sources are integrated to support a genetic etiology for the palatally displaced canine (PDC) on the basis of five evidential categories: 1. Occurrence of other dental anomalies concomitant with PDC; 2. Bilateral occurrence of PDC; 3. Sex differences in PDC occurrence; 4. Familial occurrence of PDC; 5. Population differences in PDC occurrence. From analysis of available evidence, the PDC positional anomaly appears to be a product of polygenic, multifactorial inheritance.
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              A textbook of oral pathology

               WG Shafer,  MK Hine,  BM Levy (1983)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Case Rep Dent
                Case Rep Dent
                CRID
                Case Reports in Dentistry
                Hindawi Publishing Corporation
                2090-6447
                2090-6455
                2014
                22 July 2014
                : 2014
                Affiliations
                1Department of Health, University “Magna Graecia” of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Loc. Germaneto, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
                2Department of Neurosciences and Oral Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
                Author notes
                *Sergio Paduano: paduano@ 123456unicz.it

                Academic Editor: Maria Beatriz Duarte Gaviao

                Article
                10.1155/2014/925019
                4129165
                Copyright © 2014 Sergio Paduano et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Case Report

                Dentistry

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