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      4200 New Shell Mound Sites in the Southern Red Sea

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      Internet Archaeology

      Council for British Archaeology

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          Abstract

          This article presents evidence for over 4200 prehistoric shell midden sites distributed on opposite sides of the southern Red Sea. These sites were primarily discovered using survey methods and site location models developed for locating shell midden sites on the Farasan Islands, where over 3000 have been found during previous research. These sites have been extensively excavated in the field and dated. Combining predictive models with remote sensing, an additional 1200 sites have been detected on the opposite side of the Red Sea, centred on the Dahlak Islands in Eritrea. Before these discoveries on the Farasan and Dahlak Archipelagos, the number of published prehistoric shell midden sites in the southern Red Sea was less than twenty. Combined, these sites represent a significant addition to the prehistoric coastal archaeology of the region. These new shell midden sites, and their apparent similarities on the two opposing coastlines, may indicate evidence of cultural contacts across the Red Sea during the Holocene Red Sea.

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          Most cited references 11

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          Coastlines, Submerged Landscapes, and Human Evolution: The Red Sea Basin and the Farasan Islands

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            Dynamic landscapes and human dispersal patterns: tectonics, coastlines, and the reconstruction of human habitats

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              Shell midden research in Atlantic Europe: State of the art, research problems and perspectives for the future

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Internet Archaeology
                IA
                Council for British Archaeology
                13635387
                2014
                2014
                :
                : 37
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of York
                Article
                10.11141/ia.37.2
                © 2014

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

                Product
                Self URI (journal page): http://intarch.ac.uk/

                Pre-history, Early modern history, Archaeology, Anthropology, Ancient history, History

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