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      Investigating Right Wing Authoritarianism With a Very Short Authoritarianism Scale

      research-article
      * , a , , b
      Journal of Social and Political Psychology
      PsychOpen
      authoritarianism, ideology, prejudice, attitudes, scale development, cross-national research

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          Abstract

          Authoritarianism has been an important explanatory concept for more than 60 years and a powerful predictor of social, political, and intergroup attitudes and behaviour. An important impediment to research on authoritarianism has been the length of the measures available, particularly with the contemporary emphasis on the need for social research to use larger, more representative samples and measure multiple constructs across multiple domains. We therefore developed a six-item Very Short Authoritarianism (VSA) scale that equally represented the three content subdimensions and two directions of wording of Altemeyer’s widely used Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) scale. Over four samples (N = 1,601) from three countries the VSA scale showed satisfactory internal consistency and the expected hierarchical factor structure with three primary factors loading on a single higher-order factor. Additionally, the scale predicted variables such as nationalism, ethnocentrism, political orientation, political party/candidate support, attitudes towards ingroups or outgroups and anti-minority bias at moderate to strong levels with effects very close to those obtained for much longer established measures of RWA (including Altemeyer’s scale). The VSA scale also showed clearly better reliability and validity than a short measure of authoritarian parental values that has been used to measure authoritarianism.

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          Most cited references48

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          Measuring personality in one minute or less: A 10-item short version of the Big Five Inventory in English and German

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            Uses and abuses of coefficient alpha.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                JSPP
                J Soc Polit Psych
                Journal of Social and Political Psychology
                J. Soc. Polit. Psych.
                PsychOpen
                2195-3325
                2018
                25 April 2018
                : 6
                : 1
                : 129-150
                Affiliations
                [a ] The Australian National University , Canberra, ACT, Australia
                [b ] The University of Auckland , Auckland, New Zealand
                [3]University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
                Author notes
                [* ]Research School of Psychology, the Australian National University, Building 39 Science Road, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Boris.Bizumic@ 123456anu.edu.au
                Article
                jspp.v6i1.835
                10.5964/jspp.v6i1.835
                ac0f316f-1391-4722-a62d-f35cc85c5ce8
                Copyright @ 2018

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 10 August 2017
                : 07 March 2018
                Categories
                Original Research Reports

                Psychology
                attitudes,prejudice,ideology,cross-national research,authoritarianism,scale development
                Psychology
                attitudes, prejudice, ideology, cross-national research, authoritarianism, scale development

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