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      Analysis of whistles produced by the Tucuxi Dolphin Sotalia fluviatilis from Sepetiba Bay, Brazil

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          Abstract

          From July 2001 to June 2002, we recorded a total of 2h55min of Tucuxi Dolphin Sotalia fluviatilis vocalizations from Sepetiba Bay, Brazil (22º35'S-44º03'W). A total of 3350 whistles were analyzed quantitative and qualitatively and were divided into 124 types, by visual inspection of sonograms. The following parameters were measured: Initial Frequency, Final Frequency, Minimum Frequency, Maximum Frequency, Duration, Number of Inflections, Frequency at the Inflection Points, Frequency at 1/2, 1/4, and 3/4 of whistle duration, Presence of Frequency Modulation and Harmonics. Ascending type whistles (N=2719) were most common, representing 82% of the total. Dolphin behavior and average group size observed during recording influenced the whistle's quantitative and qualitative parameters. The results demonstrate the great diversity of whistles emitted and indicate a functional role of these vocalizations during the observed behaviors.

          Translated abstract

          De julho de 2001 até junho de 2002, foram gravados um total de 2h55min de vocalizações do Golfinho-Tucuxi Sotalia fluviatilis da Baía de Sepetiba, Brasil (22º35'S-44º03'W). Um total de 3350 assobios foram analisados quantitativa e qualitativamente e foram divididos em 124 tipos, pelo aspecto visual nos sonogramas. Os seguintes parâmetros foram medidos: Freqüência Inicial, Freqüência Final, Freqüência Mínima, Freqüência Máxima, Duração, Número de Inflecções, Freqüência nos Pontos de Inflecção, Freqüência a 1/2, 1/4, e 3/4 da duração do assobio, Presença de Modulação da Freqüência e Harmônicos. O tipo de assobio Ascendente (N=2719) foi o mais comum, representando 82% do total. O comportamento dos golfinhos e a média do tamanho do grupo observado durante as gravações influenciaram os parâmetros de freqüência dos assobios quantitativa e qualitativamente. Os resultados demonstram grande diversidade dos assobios emitidos e indicam papel funcional destas vocalizações durante os comportamentos.

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          Most cited references 27

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          The behavior and ecology of the Wooly Spider Monkey, or Muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides E. Geoffroy 1806)

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            Interspecific differences in whistles produced by inshore dolphins in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia

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              Underwater audiogram of a tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis guianensis).

              Using a go/no go response paradigm, a tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis guianensis) was trained to respond to pure-tone signals for an underwater hearing test. Auditory thresholds were obtained from 4 to 135 kHz. The audiogram curve shows that this Sotalia had an upper limit of hearing at 135 kHz; from 125 to 135 kHz sensitivity decreased by 475 dB/oct. This coincides with results from electrophysiological threshold measurements. The range of best hearing (defined as 10 dB from maximum sensitivity) was between 64 and 105 kHz. This range appears to be narrower and more restricted to higher frequencies in Sotalia fluviatilis guianensis than in other odontocete species that had been tested before. Peak frequencies of echolocation pulses reported from free-ranging Sotalia correspond with the range of most sensitive hearing of this test subject.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aabc
                Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
                An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.
                Academia Brasileira de Ciências (Rio de Janeiro )
                1678-2690
                June 2004
                : 76
                : 2
                : 381-385
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                Article
                S0001-37652004000200029
                10.1590/S0001-37652004000200029
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

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