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      Regionalization of Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation in the Thoracic Aorta of Pregnant and Nonpregnant Guinea Pigs

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          Abstract

          Regional variation in the response of the thoracic aorta to contractile agonists has previously been demonstrated. Since the net contractile response reflects the interaction between smooth muscle activation and the release of endothelial substances, we hypothesize that agonist-stimulated release of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) also varies along the length of the thoracic aorta. The distribution of thoracic aorta estrogen receptors is also regionalized. Since pregnancy augments the release of endothelium-derived NO by acetylcholine (ACh) in some arterial beds, we further hypothesize that pregnancy enhances the stimulated release of NO from the thoracic aorta. Aortae were removed from nonpregnant and near term pregnant guinea pigs and cut into ring segments numbered sequentially proximal to distal. The rings were suspended at their optimal passive tension and submaximally contracted with prostaglandin F<sub>2</sub><sub>α</sub>. Endothelium-derived NO-dependent relaxation to ACh increased moving proximal to distal along the aorta independent of pregnancy and ACh relaxation was unaffected by pretreatment with physostigmine to inhibit cholinesterase. The magnitude of the relaxation to carbachol among the different segments was similar to ACh. Pregnancy decreased the ED<sub>50</sub> for ACh of segments from the middle and distal segments of the thoracic aorta. Relaxation to the NO donor sodium nitropmsside and the nonreceptor-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxing agent A23187 was uniform along the length of the aorta and independent of pregnancy. These experiments demonstrate regional variation in the stimulated release of endothelium-derived NO in the guinea pig thoracic aorta which is increased by pregnancy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 2
          : 106-111
          Affiliations
          Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Research Laboratory, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
          Article
          159083 J Vasc Res 1995;32:106–111
          10.1159/000159083
          7734656
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Research Paper

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