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      Dating violence (DV): a systematic meta-analysis review Translated title: La violencia en el noviazgo (VN): una revisión de meta-análisis


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          Abstract This study summarizes the results of meta-analyses about risk and protective factors related to dating violence (DV). Fifteen studies were included from 1997 to 2018, N = 1784018. The results were classified according to ecological theory. The Zr’s were calculated for each factor and level of analysis, including the differences between victimization and perpetration effect sizes. Then, the Zr´s were transformed to r values. In accordance with the different levels of analysis, results showed that the effect sizes were greater for: (1) individual level: cigarette smoking, adolescent pregnancy (victimization) and sex (perpetration/victimization); (2) microsystem: peer sexual harassment, (victimization), peer DV, deviant peers and family violence (perpetration/ victimization); (3) exosystem: age (victimization) and violent neighborhoods (perpetration/ victimization), and (4) macrosystem: cultural minority and disadvantaged neighborhoods (perpetration / victimization). DV protective factors which had the lowest effect sizes were: parental and peer support; and highest effect sizes were found in the exo and macro levels, and then in the individual and micro levels. Furthermore, statistically significant differences between total effect sizes were found, with values being higher in the exosystem for victimization than for perpetration. Delimiting the most important risk and protective factors for DV has important implications for prevention and intervention.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen Esta revisión bibliográfica sintetiza los resultados de estudios meta analíticos sobre factores de riesgo y protección asociados a la Violencia en el Noviazgo (VN). Se incluyeron 15 meta-análisis publicados entre 1997-2018, N = 1784018, y se clasificaron según el modelo socio-ecológico. Se calcularon las Zr media para cada variable y nivel, incluyendo las diferencias en los tamaños del efecto medio entre victimización y perpetración de VN y, posteriormente, se transformaron a r. Se encontró que los factores de riesgo con mayor peso asociados a VN, según nivel, fueron: (1) individual: consumo de tabaco y embarazo precoz (victimización) y sexo (perpetración/victimización); (2) microsistema: acoso sexual de pares (victimización), VN de los pares, tener amigos con conductas problemáticas y sufrir violencia en familia de origen (perpetración/victimización); (3) exosistema: edad (victimización) y barrio (perpetración/victimización) y (4) macrosistema: minoría cultural y desventaja económica (perpetración/victimización). Factores protectores de VN fueron: apoyo social de pares y parentalidad positiva, pero con menos peso. El tamaño del efecto fue mayor para las variables de nivel exo, frente a las macro, individual y micro respectivamente. Hay diferencias entre los tamaños del efecto totales, siendo en el exosistema mayor en victimización que en perpetración. Delimitar los factores de riesgo y protección con mayor efecto sobre VN resulta fundamental para prevenir este problema.

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            Karen Devries and colleagues conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies to evaluate the direction of association between symptoms of depression and intimate partner violence. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary
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              Violence against women: an integrated, ecological framework.

              This article encourages the widespread adoption of an integrated, ecological framework for understanding the origins of gender-based violence. An ecological approach to abuse conceptualizes violence as a multifaceted phenomenon grounded in an interplay among personal, situational, and sociocultural factors. Although drawing on the conceptual advances of earlier theorists, this article goes beyond their work in three significant ways. First, it uses the ecological framework as a heuristic tool to organize the existing research base into an intelligible whole. Whereas other theorists present the framework as a way to think about violence, few have attempted to establish what factors emerge as predictive of abuse at each level of the social ecology. Second, this article integrates results from international and cross-cultural research together with findings from North American social science. And finally, the framework draws from findings related to all types of physical and sexual abuse of women to encourage a more integrated approach to theory building regarding gender-based abuse.

                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Anales de Psicología
                Anal. Psicol.
                Universidad de Murcia (Murcia, Murcia, Spain )
                : 35
                : 2
                : 300-313
                [1] País Vasco orgnameUniversidad del País Vasco orgdiv1Department of Social Psychology and Methodology of Behavioural Sciences Spain
                [2] Castilla y León orgnameUniversidad de Burgos orgdiv1Faculty of Health Sciences orgdiv2Department of Social Psychology Spain

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                : 15 October 2018
                : 31 May 2018
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 82, Pages: 14

                SciELO Spain

                Clinical and Health Psychology

                Risk and protective factors,Social-ecological model,Meta- review,Dating violence,Factores de riesgo y protectores,Modelo socio-ecológico,Revisión de meta análisis,Violencia en el Noviazgo


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