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      Efficacy of tiotropium and olodaterol combination therapy on dynamic lung hyperinflation evaluated by hyperventilation in COPD: an open-label, comparative before and after treatment study

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          Abstract

          Background: Dynamic lung hyperinflation (DLH) following metronome-paced incremental hyperventilation (MPIH) was reported to be useful for assessment of pathophysiological impairment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the effects of tiotropium and olodaterol on DLH following MPIH have not been reported.

          Methods: Treatment consisted of administration of tiotropium/olodaterol 5/5 μg inhalation solution (2.5/2.5 μg per actuation) using a soft-mist inhaler once a day. We compared outcomes before and after 8 weeks of treatment. The primary outcome was defined as a decrease in inspiratory capacity (IC) from rest by MPIH, which is an index of DLH. The secondary outcomes were COPD assessment test (CAT), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV 1), and 6-min walking distance (6MWD). In addition, we investigated whether there were correlations between changes with treatment in DLH and FEV 1, 6MWD, and dyspnea.

          Results: Thirty-three of the 38 registered patients completed this study. Most of these 33 patients had mild to moderate COPD. Decreasing IC by MPIH was significantly reduced by treatment for 8 weeks, with a mean change of about −0.11 to −0.13 mL ( P <0.05). In addition, CAT score, FEV 1, and 6MWD improved with treatment ( P <0.05). There were no significant correlations between changes in DLH, FEV 1, 6MWD, or dyspnea with treatment.

          Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the combination of tiotropium and olodaterol is effective for improvement of DLH following hyperventilation.

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          Most cited references 21

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          Bronchodilator responsiveness in patients with COPD.

          The degree of acute improvement in spirometric indices after bronchodilator inhalation varies among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and depends upon the type and dose of bronchodilator and the timing of administration. Acute bronchodilator responsiveness at baseline was examined in a large cohort of patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD participating in the Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium (UPLIFT) trial, a 4-yr randomised double-blind trial evaluating the efficacy of 18 mug tiotropium daily in reducing the rate of decline in lung function. After wash-out of respiratory medications, patients received 80 mug ipratropium followed by 400 mug salbutamol. Spirometry was performed before and 90 min following ipratropium administration. The criteria used for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) responsiveness were: >or=12% increase over baseline and >or=200 mL; >or=15% increase over baseline; and >or=10% absolute increase in the percentage predicted value. Of the patients, 5,756 had data meeting the criteria for analysis (age 64.5 yrs; 75% male; baseline FEV(1) 1.10 L (39.3% predicted) and forced vital capacity (FVC) 2.63 L). Compared with baseline, mean improvements were 229 mL in FEV(1) and 407 mL in FVC. Of these patients, 53.9% had >or=12% and >or=200 mL improvement in FEV(1), 65.6% had >or=15% improvement in FEV(1), and 38.6% had >or=10% absolute increase in FEV(1) % pred. The majority of patients with moderate-to-very-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease demonstrate meaningful increases in lung function following administration of inhaled anticholinergic plus sympathomimetic bronchodilators.
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            A telehealth program for self-management of COPD exacerbations and promotion of an active lifestyle: a pilot randomized controlled trial

            The objective of this pilot study was to investigate the use of and satisfaction with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) telehealth program applied in both primary and secondary care. The program consisted of four modules: 1) activity coach for ambulant activity monitoring and real-time coaching of daily activity behavior, 2) web-based exercise program for home exercising, 3) self-management of COPD exacerbations via a triage diary on the web portal, including self-treatment of exacerbations, and 4) teleconsultation. Twenty-nine COPD patients were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (telehealth program for 9 months) or the control group (usual care). Page hits on the web portal showed the use of the program, and the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire showed satisfaction with received care. The telehealth program with decision support showed good satisfaction (mean 26.4, maximum score 32). The program was accessed on 86% of the treatment days, especially the diary. Patient adherence with the exercise scheme was low (21%). Health care providers seem to play an important role in patients’ adherence to telehealth in usual care. Future research should focus on full-scale implementation in daily care and investigating technological advances, like gaming, to increase adherence.
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              The 24-h lung-function profile of once-daily tiotropium and olodaterol fixed-dose combination in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

              This study investigated the effects on 24-h lung function and lung volume of a once-daily fixed-dose combination (FDC) of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist tiotropium and the long-acting β2-agonist olodaterol in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis
                Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis
                COPD
                copd
                International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
                Dove
                1176-9106
                1178-2005
                27 May 2019
                2019
                : 14
                : 1167-1176
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Shinshu University , Nagano 390-8621, Japan
                [2 ]Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Shinshu University School of Health Sciences , Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Keisaku Fujimoto Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Shinshu University School of Health Sciences , 3-1-1, Asahi, Matsumoto390-8621, JapanTel +81 26 337 2393Fax +81 26 337 2393Email keisaku@ 123456shinshu-u.ac.jp
                Article
                201106
                10.2147/COPD.S201106
                6551445
                © 2019 Kawachi and Fujimoto.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 3, References: 29, Pages: 10
                Categories
                Original Research

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