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      pH sensitive Laponite/alginate hybrid hydrogels: swelling behaviour and release mechanism

        , , ,   , ,

      Soft Matter

      Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

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          In situ gelling stimuli-sensitive block copolymer hydrogels for drug delivery.

          Stimuli-sensitive block copolymer hydrogels, which are reversible polymer networks formed by physical interactions and exhibit a sol-gel phase-transition in response to external stimuli, have great potential in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, especially in site-specific controlled drug-delivery systems. The drug may be mixed with a polymer solution in vitro and the drug-loaded hydrogel can form in situ after the in vivo administration, such as injection; therefore, stimuli-sensitive block copolymer hydrogels have many advantages, such as simple drug formulation and administration procedures, no organic solvent, site-specificity, a sustained drug release behavior, less systemic toxicity and ability to deliver both hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs. Among the stimuli in the biomedical applications, temperature and pH are the most popular physical and chemical stimuli, respectively. The temperature- and/or pH-sensitive block copolymer hydrogels for biomedical applications have been extensively developed in the past decade. This review focuses on recent development of the preparation and application for drug delivery of the block copolymer hydrogels that respond to temperature, pH or both stimuli, including poly(N-substituted acrylamide)-based block copolymers, poloxamers and their derivatives, poly(ethylene glycol)-polyester block copolymers, polyelectrolyte-based block copolymers and the polyelectrolyte-modified thermo-sensitive block copolymers. In addition, the hydrogels based on other stimuli-sensitive block copolymers are discussed.
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            Stimuli-Responsive Polymeric Systems for Biomedical Applications

             J F Mano (2008)
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              Diffusion characteristics of substrates in Ca-alginate gel beads.

              The diffusion characteristics of several substrates of varying molecular sizes into and from Ca-alginate gel beads in well-stirred solutions were investigated. The values of the diffusion coefficient (D) of substrates such as glucose, L-tryptophan, and alpha-lactoalbumin [with molecular weight (MW) less than 2 x 10(4)] into and from the gel beads agreed with those in the water system. Their substrates could diffuse freely into and from the gel beads without disturbance by the pores in the gel beads. The diffusion of their substrates into and from the gel beads was also not disturbed by increasing the Ca-alginate concentration in the beads and the CaCl(2) concentration used in the gel preparation. In the case of higher molecular weight substances such as albumin (MW = 6.9 x 10(4)), gamma-globulin (MW = 1.54 x 10(5)) and fibrinogen (MW = 3.41 x 10(5)), the diffusion behaviors of the substrates into and from the gel beads were very different. No diffusion of their substrates into the gel beads from solutions was observed, and only albumin was partly absorbed on the surface of the gel beads. The values of D of their substrates from the gel beads into their solutions were smaller than their values in the water system, but all their substrates could diffuse from the gel beads. The diffusion of high molecular weight substrates was limited more strongly by the increase of Ca-alginate concentration in the gel beads than by the increase of the CaCl(2) concentration used in the gel preparation. Using these results, the capacity of Ca-alginate gel as a matrix of immobilization was discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SMOABF
                Soft Matter
                Soft Matter
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1744-683X
                1744-6848
                2011
                2011
                : 7
                : 13
                : 6231
                Article
                10.1039/c1sm05345k
                © 2011
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=c1sm05345k

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