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      Non-Hypertensive Deoxycorticosterone-Salt Treatment Accelerates Atherosclerosis Progression in Watanabe Heritable Hyperlipidemic Rabbit

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          Abstract

          Epidemiological studies have indicated that hypertension enhances the development of atherosclerosis in patients with lipid disorders. However, it was still unclear whether this promoting effect resulted only from hemodynamic changes or whether part of it was mediated by humoral or neurogenic factors independent of blood pressure alteration. The aim of this study was to determine whether mineralocorticoids, which are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension, could be implicated in the atherosclerotic process independent of pressure changes. For this purpose, the effect of deoxycorticosterone (DOCA, 200 mg/kg s.c.) on aortic atherosclerosis was studied in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits in comparison with New Zealand rabbits. After 4 weeks of treatment, DOCA significantly increased the size of atherosclerotic lesions in the arch and thoracic aorta (+115%) in parallel with the aortic cholesterol ester content (+83%). The vascular free cholesterol and triglyceride content remained unchanged on DOCA treatment, as were arterial pressure and plasma cholesterol levels. None of these effects was observed in New Zealand rabbits. DOCA did not accentuate the alteration of endothelial function usually found in WHHL rabbits. The sensitivity to serotonin was not altered, but the maximal contraction to this agonist was decreased in both strains by mineralocorticoid treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1994
          1994
          23 September 2008
          : 31
          : 6
          : 347-358
          Affiliations
          Cardiovascular Division, Institut de Recherches Servier, Suresnes, France
          Article
          159063 J Vasc Res 1994;31:347–358
          10.1159/000159063
          7986959
          bc5265a2-c47f-4a60-b8f1-699bfc2605fc
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 11 November 1993
          : 09 January 1994
          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Blood pressure,Deoxycorticosterone,Watanabe-heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit,Atherosclerosis,Vascular reactivity

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