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      Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Hypothalamic- Pituitary Disorders

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          Abstract

          Improvement of MRI diagnostic accuracy in the study of the hypothalamic-pituitary region provides precise anatomic details. In pituitary dwarfism, MRI reveals severe sella/pituitary gland and stalk hypoplasia with or without posterior pituitary ectopia, and empty sella, and this more frequently in patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency. Two main hypotheses have been proposed to explain these findings: traumatic stalk transection during breech delivery, and abnormal embryonic development of the pituitary gland. The association between neuroradiological findings and type/severity of endocrine alteration has not yet been clarified. In diabetes insipidus, MRI findings are normal picture, posterior lobe not visible, and thickened stalk (as expression of preclinical/initial histocytosis). Patients with central precocious puberty or hypogonadotropic hypogonadism rarely show morphologic abnormalities (hamartoma of the tuber cinereum, partially empty sella). So far, MRI permits one to identify morphologic pictures in diseases previously considered ‘idiopathic’.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6258-4
          978-3-318-01615-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1995
          1995
          09 December 2008
          : 44
          : Suppl 3
          : 8-14
          Affiliations
          aFirst Pediatric Clinic, University of Bologna, bDepartment of Pediatrics, Endocrine Unit, Scientific Institute H.S. Raffaele, University of Milan, cDepartment of Neuroradiology, Institute of Neurology, University of Bologna, Italy
          Article
          184666 Horm Res 1995;44:8–14
          10.1159/000184666
          8719434
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Growth and Growth Disorders: An Update

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