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      Changes in children’s fruit and vegetable consumption and associated factors during C0VID-2019 control period


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          Objective To understand fruit and vegetable consumption of children and associated factors during COVID-2019 control period, and to provide basis for growth and development of children.

          Methods In February 2020, 334 parents of children aged 2 to 15 years old from 22 provinces, cities and autonomous regions, including Hubei, Beijing, Shandong, Gansu were surveyed through the ,Questionnaire Star- network questionnaire for the students’ fruit and vegatable consumption during the period of COVID-19, and Logistic regression analysis was conducted with multivariate analysis.

          Results Among the children, 26.4% of their vegetable consumption and 45.2% of their fruit consumption had changed. The multivariate analysis showed that inconvenient purchase ( OR = 6.52) were related to the decrease of children’ s vegetable consumption. The 2-5 age group ( OR = 0.28), whether parents actively gained relevant knowledge of diet ( OR = 0.33) and mild epidemic risk ( OR = 4.35) were related to the increase of children’ s vegetable consumption ( P<0.05). Average monthly income of family ( OR = 6.27-8.39), inconvenient purchase ( OR = 2.93), and epidemic risk ( OR = 0.21-0.26) were associated with reduced fruit consumption among children ( P<0.05). While gender ( OR = 2.20), average monthly income of family below 2 000 yuan ( OR = 6.94) and mild epidemic risk ( OR = 0.35) were associated with increased fruit consumption among children ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Children’ s fruit and vegetable consumption were greatly affected by the inconvenience of food purchase during the period of COVID-19. Low-income families were less resilient, and their children’ s food consumption was more likely to be affected. Parents’ high level of nutritional knowledge could help weaken the adverse impact of the epidemic on children’ s diet.


          【摘要】 目的 了解新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情管控期间儿童的果蔬消费情况及其影响因素, 为保证儿童正常生长发育 提供依据。 方法 2020 年 2 月, 采用“问卷星’’网络问卷的形式向涵盖湖北、北京、山东、河北、甘肃等 22 个省、市、自治区 2~15 岁儿童家长 334 名展开调研, 调查学生疫情期间果蔬消费情况, 采用 Logistic 回归模型进行多因素分析。 结果 有 26.4% 和 45.2% 的被调查儿童蔬菜、水果消费量发生变化。Logistic 回归分析结果表明, 购买不方便 ( OR = 6.52)与儿童蔬 菜消费量减少有关, 年龄 2~5 岁 ( OR = 0. 28)、家长主动了解膳食相关知识 ( OR = 0.33)、轻度疫情风险 ( OR = 4. 35) 与儿童 蔬菜消费量增加有关 ( P 值均<0. 05); 家庭人均月收人 ( OR = 6. 27~8. 39)、购买不方便 ( OR = 2. 93)、疫情风险程度 ( OR = 0.21-0. 26) 与儿童水果消费量减少有关, 性别 ( OR = 2.20)、家庭人均月收人 2 000 元以下 ( OR = 6. 94)、轻度疫情风险 ( OR =0.35) 与儿童水果消费量增加有关 ( P 值均<0. 05)。 结论 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情管控期间食物购买不便对儿童果蔬消 费造成了较大影响, 低收人家庭抗风险能力更低。家长的高营养知识水平有助于弱化疫情对儿童饮食带来的不利影响。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 October 2020
          01 October 2020
          : 41
          : 10
          : 1477-1481
          [1] 1Institute of Food and Nutrition Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing (100089), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Xiuli, E-mail: xiulee@ 123456sina.com
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Coronavirus,Regression analysis,Food habits,Child,Disease outbreaks


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