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      Knowing biodiversity: Fishes from the Guareí River basin, a tributary of the Jurumirim reservoir, Paranapanema River, Brazil Translated title: Conhecendo a biodiversidade: Peixes da bacia do Rio Guareí, um afluente do reservatório de Jurumirim, Rio Paranapanema, Brasil

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          Abstract

          Abstract: The Guareí River is a tributary of the Paranapanema River (Brazil), located in the upper portion of the Jurumirim Reservoir. Fish fauna studies in this watershed began in the 2000s, but they were restricted to a few waterbodies. This work conducted a broad survey of the fish fauna in tributary streams and the main channel of the Guareí River. Sampling occurred between February 2017 and November 2018 at 36 sites and using different collection methods. We captured 2,169 specimens belonging to 50 species, 16 families and 6 orders. The species accumulation curve tended to stabilize but indicated that species richness is underestimated. Almost all species are native (46); only three were non-native (Hyphessobrycon eques, Oreochromis niloticus and Poecilia reticulata) and one was undefined (Gymnotus pantanal). Among the native species, two are unknown to science (Bryconamericus aff. iheringii and Hypostomus sp. n.) and three are migratory (Leporinus friderici, Megaleporinus obtusidens and Pimelodus maculatus). In this paper, we provide images of species collected. Results indicate that the Guareí River basin is a hotspot of fish diversity in the Upper Paranapanema River, stressing the need for adequate management and conservation actions.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo: O Rio Guareí é um afluente do Rio Paranapanema (Brasil), localizado na parte superior do reservatório de Jurumirim. Os estudos da fauna de peixes nesta bacia hidrográfica começaram nos anos 2000, mas estão restritos a poucos corpos d’água. Este trabalho realizou um amplo levantamento da ictiofauna em tributários e no canal principal do Rio Guareí. As amostragens ocorreram entre Fevereiro de 2017 e Novembro de 2018 em 36 sítios e utilizando diferentes métodos de coleta. Capturamos 2.169 espécimes pertencentes a 50 espécies, 16 famílias e 6 ordens. A curva de acumulação de espécies tendeu a se estabilizar, mas indicou que a riqueza de espécies está subestimada. Quase todas as espécies são nativas (46); apenas três não nativas (Hyphessobrycon eques, Oreochromis niloticus, e Poecilia reticulata) e uma não definida (Gymnotus pantanal). Entre as espécies nativas, duas são desconhecidas da ciência (Bryconamericus aff. iheringii e Hypostomus sp. n.) e três migradoras (Leporinus friderici, Megaleporinus obtusidens e Pimelodus maculatus). Neste artigo, fornecemos imagens das espécies coletadas. Os resultados indicam que a bacia do Rio Guareí é uma região importante em termos de diversidade de peixes no alto Rio Paranapanema, enfatizando a necessidade de ações adequadas de manejo e conservação.

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          Most cited references 64

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          Fish-passage facilities as ecological traps in large neotropical rivers.

          At present most of the large rivers of South America are impounded. Management plans historically have relied on the construction of fish passages, specifically ladders, to mitigate the impact of these waterway blockages on fisheries and biodiversity. Nevertheless, the design of these facilities is not ecologically sound and they are not monitored continually. Consequently, the real role of South American fish passages in fisheries and biodiversity management is unclear and the results of some studies suggest that ladders are problematic in fish conservation. We examined the characteristics and negative aspects of fish passages within a larger context and considered the notion that these facilities are ecological traps in some Brazilian impoundments. Four conditions are required to characterize a fish passage as an ecological trap: (1) attractive forces leading fish to ascend the passage; (2) unidirectional migratory movements (upstream); (3) the environment above the passage has poor conditions for fish recruitment (e.g., the absence of spawning grounds and nursery areas); and (4) the environment below the passage has a proper structure for recruitment. When these conditions exist individuals move to poor-quality habitats, fitness is reduced, and populations are threatened. To exemplify this situation we analyzed two case studies in the upper Paraná River basin, Brazil, in which the four conditions were met and migratory fish populations were declining. If passages work as ecological traps, regional fisheries will be in danger of collapse and conservation policies toward biodiversity will become more difficult and ineffective. The situation demands the closing of the passage in conjunction with alternative management actions to preserve system functionality, especially the conservation of critical habitats downstream and the restoration of damaged habitats in the region.
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            A massive invasion of fish species after eliminating a natural barrier in the upper rio Paraná basin

            Based on long-term studies in the upper rio Paraná basin, in addition to a broad review of literature and other information, we were able to identify 33 species of native fishes in the lower rio Paraná basin that successfully colonized the upper rio Paraná after Itaipu impoundment, that flooded the natural geographic barrier constituted by the Sete Quedas Falls. These species belong to six Orders, encompassing two of Myliobatiformes, six of Characiformes, 17 of Siluriformes, six of Gymnotiformes, one of Perciformes, and one of Pleuronectiformes. Extensive remarks regarding each species, including their influence upon the native assemblage, in addition to comments on other non-indigenous species, are also provided. We conclude that, in spite of its widespread neglected by environmental impact studies, massive invasion of species is a real possibility when natural barriers are suppressed by reservoirs.
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              Fish diversity in the upper Paraná River basin: habitats, fisheries, management and conservation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                bn
                Biota Neotropica
                Biota Neotrop.
                Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP (Campinas, SP, Brazil )
                1676-0611
                2020
                : 20
                : 3
                Affiliations
                Porto Nacional orgnameUniversidade Federal do Tocantins orgdiv1Núcleo de Estudos Ambientais Brazil
                Botucatu orgnameUniversidade Estadual Paulista orgdiv1Instituto de Biociências Brazil
                Article
                S1676-06032020000300304 S1676-0603(20)02000300304
                10.1590/1676-0611-bn-2020-1031

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 78, Pages: 0
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