Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated that a synthetic peptide containing lung surfactant enhances the permeability of chemical compounds through bronchial epithelium. The purpose of this study was to test two formulations of Synsurf ® combined with linezolid as respirable compounds using a pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI).
Aerosolization efficiency of the surfactant-drug microparticles onto Calu-3 monolayers as an air interface culture was analyzed using a Next Generation Impactor™.
The delivered particles and drug dose showed a high dependency from the preparation that was aerosolized. Scanning electron microscopy imaging allowed for visualization of the deposited particles, establishing them as liposomal-type structures (diameter 500 nm to 2 μm) with filamentous features.