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      Exercise Test in Women and Men Aged 75–77 Years

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological response to an exercise test in 75- to 77-year-old women and men. Out of a systematically chosen and representative sample of 1,245 persons from a population at the age of 70, 649 individuals remained available at the age of 75–77 years. An exercise test was performed in 335 participants (52%), 174 women and 161 men. 180 (28%) were excluded because of morbidity. 131 (20%) refused to perform an exercise test. Three persons had to be excluded because of missing data. The maximal heart rate was about 140 beats/min. Heart rates at different submaximal workloads were higher in females than in males. In males there was a significant nonlinear increase in heart rate at increasing work loads while in females this was not significant. The systolic blood pressure increased more in females than in males while working on the loads 30–50 W and 50–75 W. There was a significant nonlinear increase in systolic blood pressure in men without cardiovascular drugs during exercise on 30–75 W, but the corresponding increase was not significant in women. The highest average work load for the whole group measured during at least 4 min of near-maximal exercise on a bicycle was in women 48 W and in men 66 W. Forty-four percent of the women and 22% of the men had a physical working capacity presumably interfering with their ability to perform activities of daily living.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          2002
          September 2002
          26 September 2002
          : 98
          : 1-2
          : 92-98
          Affiliations
          aCardiovascular Institute, Clinical Physiology, bDepartment of Rehabilitation Medicine, cDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
          Article
          64685 Cardiology 2002;98:92–98
          10.1159/000064685
          12373053
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 3, References: 24, Pages: 7
          Categories
          Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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