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      Internal ornamentation of the first proctodeal segment of the digestive tube of Syntermitinae (Isoptera, Termitidae)

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      Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          The ornaments inside the first proctodeal segment of the digestive tube in thirty-three species of the termite subfamily Syntermitinae are described and illustrated, encompassing all genera of the subfamily. The occurrence, type and pattern of the ornamentation reveal a wide morphological diversity. A first proposal for classification and nomenclature of these structures and coverage patterns is included, as well as a discussion of possible functions.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Symbiotic digestion of lignocellulose in termite guts.

           Andreas Brune (2014)
          Their ability to degrade lignocellulose gives termites an important place in the carbon cycle. This ability relies on their partnership with a diverse community of bacterial, archaeal and eukaryotic gut symbionts, which break down the plant fibre and ferment the products to acetate and variable amounts of methane, with hydrogen as a central intermediate. In addition, termites rely on the biosynthetic capacities of their gut microbiota as a nutritional resource. The mineralization of humus components in the guts of soil-feeding species also contributes to nitrogen cycling in tropical soils. Lastly, the high efficiency of their minute intestinal bioreactors makes termites promising models for the industrial conversion of lignocellulose into microbial products and the production of biofuels.
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            Gut content analysis and a new feeding group classification of termites

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              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Microecology of the termite gut: structure and function on a microscale

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift
                DEZ
                Pensoft Publishers
                1860-1324
                1435-1951
                March 04 2015
                March 04 2015
                : 62
                : 1
                : 29-44
                Article
                10.3897/dez.62.8550
                © 2015
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