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      Relationship between adolescent knowledge-attitude-practice and resilience in left-behind children

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the relationship between adolescent knowledge - attitu de -practice (KAP) and resilience in Chinese left-behind children, and provide the basis to develop the adolescent health education.

          Methods A total of 1 244 left-be- hind children from grade 4-9 was investigated through the self-designed Adolescent KAP Questionnaire and Adolescent Resilience Scale.

          Results Male and middle school students had better resilence than female and primary school students in left-behind chil- dren ( t = 4.70,4.27, P<0.01) ; the left-behind children with harmonious relationship between parents, richer family economic status and democratic parenting style obtained greater resilence ( F= 35.86, 31.66, 3.25, 57.23, P<0.05) , and adolescent KAP had positive prediction on target concentration ( B = 0.11), emotional control ( B = 0.07), positive cognition ( B = 0.09), family support ( B = 0.05), interpersonal assistance ( B = 0.09) and total resilience ( B = 0.41) of left-behind children ( P <0.01).

          Conclusion For left-behind children, adolescent KAP may be have a positive association with resilence and more attention should be paid on adolescent health education.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨重庆市某区留守儿童青春期知信行与心理弹性的关系, 为开展留守儿童青春期健康教育提供依 据。 方法 采用分层整取抽样方法, 抽取重庆市某区 1 244 名四至九年级留守儿童, 采用青少年心理韧性量表和自编青春 期知信行进行问卷调查。 结果 留守女生的心理弹性水平高于留守男生, 初中留守儿童高于小学留守儿童 ( t 值分别为 4.70, 4.27, P 值均<0.01)。与父母联系频率越高、父母关系越好、家庭经济状况越好、接受民主型教养方式的留守儿童心理 弹性的水平越高 ( F 值分别为 35.86, 31.66, 3.25, 57.23, P 值均<0.05)。多重线性回归分析显示, 青春期知信行对留守儿童 目标专注 ( B = 0.11)、情绪控制 ( B = 0.07)、积极认知 ( B = 0.09)、家庭支持( B = 0.05)、人际协助 ( B = 0.09)及总心理弹性 ( B = 0.41)有正向预测作用 ( P 值均<0.01)。 结论 留守儿童青春期知信行与心理弹性存在正相关, 应该重视青春期健康教育。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2020
          01 July 2020
          : 41
          : 7
          : 1032-1035
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Innovation Center for Social Risk Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (400016), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.021
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.021
          c7f176cc-72a9-4987-86b5-ee998bd1600a
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child,Mental health,Health knowledge, attitudes, practice,Regression analysis,Puberty

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