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      Oceanic Plateau Formation Implied by Ontong Java Plateau, Kerguelen Plateau and Shatsky Rise

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          Oceanic plateaus are a significant type of large igneous provinces in the oceans, providing insights to regional tectonic events and mantle behavior. The three world’s largest oceanic plateaus, the Ontong Java Plateau, the Kerguelen Plateau and the Shatsky Rise, are representatives in displaying extraordinary fluxes of magma from mantle to lithosphere. Detailed description incorporating transdisciplinary observations on marine geology, geophysics and geochemistry allow us to test the two lively-debated oceanic plateau formation hypotheses (mantle plume and plate boundary models). Predictions from either hypothesis merely obtain partial support. It is therefore unclear to differentiate one model from another one regarding the oceanic plateau formation. Careful comparisons of the three oceanic plateaus show many commonalities and even more differences in their formation and evolution. This diversity signifies one may not be typical of all. Notably, several key common features, i.e., massive and rapid eruption and near-ridge formation setting, imply that the lithospheric volcanic emplacement of oceanic plateaus was controlled by seafloor spreading despite a mantle plume exists peripherally. If a coincidence of mantle plume and spreading ridge occurs, it may indicate a plume-ridge interaction. One possible mechanism is that spreading ridge is dragged by a plume and migrates to the location of the plume. Another possibility is that the asthenosphere is fed by a plume nearby and generates melting anomalies along the spreading ridge.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of Ocean University of China
          Science Press and Springer (China )
          24 January 2020
          01 April 2020
          : 19
          : 2
          : 351-360
          1CAS Key Laboratory of Ocean and Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
          2Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
          3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
          4Fourth Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beihai 536007, China
          5South China Sea Institute of Planning and Environmental Research, Ministry of Natural Resources, Guangzhou 510310, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: CHEN Jie, E-mail: carrie_ocean@

          # These authors contributed equally to this work.

          Copyright © Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020.

          The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is hereby assigned for good and valuable consideration to the editorial office of Journal of Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

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