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      Juan Cristóbal Gundlach’s collections of Puerto Rican birds with special regard to types

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      Zoosystematics and Evolution

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          The German naturalist Juan Cristóbal Gundlach (1810–1896) conducted, while a resident of Cuba, two expeditions to Puerto Rico in 1873 and 1875–6, where he explored the southwestern, western, and northeastern regions of this island. Gundlach made representative collections of the island’s fauna, which formed the nucleus of the first natural history museums in Puerto Rico. When the natural history museums closed, only a few specimens were passed to other institutions, including foreign museums. None of Gundlach’s and few of his contemporaries’ specimens have survived in Puerto Rico. We located 191 bird specimens (43 species) collected there by Gundlach, all of which are in foreign institutions, especially Museum für Naturkunde Berlin. Here we list all located specimens and include data associated with them. Six new species were described out of the Gundlach collections from Puerto Rico, three of which are still taxonomically recognized today. Information about the types of those taxa is given.

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          Reproductive Interactions of the Shiny Cowbird and the Yellow-Shouldered Blackbird

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            Conservation of the yellow-shouldered blackbird Agelaius xanthomus, an endagered West Indian species

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              The Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) from Cuba described by Herrich-Schäffer and Gundlach in the Gundlach Collection, Havana

              The taxonomic status of 94 nominal species of Noctuoidea from Cuba described by Herrich-Schäffer, and two species described by Gundlach is discussed. Type material of 49 nominal species preserved in Coll. Gundlach, Instituto de Ecologia y Sistemática, Havana, is evaluated. Seventy species names of Herrich-Schäffer and two of Gundlach are recognized, one genus name and 39 species names are synonymized, 16 new combinations, four reinstated synonyms and two species recalled from synonymy are established.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zoosystematics and Evolution
                ZSE
                Pensoft Publishers
                1860-0743
                1435-1935
                September 03 2015
                September 03 2015
                : 91
                : 2
                : 177-189
                Article
                10.3897/zse.91.5550
                © 2015

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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