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      Splitting the Pisonia birdcatcher trees: re-establishment of Ceodes and Rockia (Nyctaginaceae, Pisonieae)

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          Abstract

          Several genera of Nyctaginaceae , currently merged under Pisonia , have been described for the Indo-Pacific region. Results from a recent molecular phylogenetic study of tribe Pisonieae showed that Pisonia is non-monophyletic and comprises three well-supported lineages: one including typical Pisonia and allies ( Pisonia s.str.), a clade of species which corresponds to the original description of Ceodes and a third lineage whose single representative was formerly treated under the monotypic genus Rockia . Thus, as part of an effort to achieve a natural classification for tribe Pisonieae , this work proposes to re-establish Ceodes and Rockia to accommodate taxa with inconspicuous glands on anthocarps, recognising 21 species (20 for the former and one for the latter), of which 16 are new combinations: Ceodes amplifolia comb. nov., Ceodes artensis comb. nov., Ceodes austro-orientalis comb. nov., Ceodes brownii comb. nov., Ceodes cauliflora comb. nov., Ceodes coronata comb. nov., Ceodes diandra comb. nov., Ceodes gigantocarpa comb. nov., Ceodes gracilescens comb. nov., Ceodes lanceolata comb. nov., Ceodes merytifolia comb. nov., Ceodes muelleriana comb. nov., Ceodes rapaensis comb. nov., Ceodes sechellarum comb. nov., Ceodes taitensis comb. nov. and Ceodes wagneriana comb. nov. A general distribution of each species recognised in this work is also included, along with line drawings and colour pictures of representative species of Ceodes , Pisonia and Rockia and an updated dichotomous key based on reproductive characters for the nine genera ( Ceodes , Cephalotomandra , Grajalesia , Guapira , Neea , Neeopsis , Pisonia , Pisoniella and Rockia ) comprising the tribe Pisonieae .

          Résumé

          Plusieurs genres de Nyctaginaceae actuellement fusionnés sous Pisonia ont été décrits pour la région Indo-Pacifique. Les résultats d’une récente étude phylogénétique moléculaire de la tribu Pisonieae ont montré que Pisonia est non monophylétique et comprend trois lignées bien supportées: une comprenant Pisonia typique et ses alliés ( Pisonia s.str.), un clade d’espèces qui correspond à la description originale de Ceodes et une troisième lignée dont l’unique représentant était auparavant traité sous le genre monotypique Rockia . Ainsi, dans le cadre d’un effort pour parvenir à une classification naturelle de la tribu Pisonieae , ce travail proposons de rétablir les Ceodes et Rockia pour accueillir des taxons avec des glandes discrètes sur les anthocarpes, reconnaissant 21 espèces (20 pour les premières et une pour les dernières), dont 16 sont de nouvelles combinaisons: Ceodes amplifolia comb. nov., Ceodes artensis comb. nov., Ceodes austro-orientalis comb. nov., Ceodes brownii comb. nov., Ceodes cauliflora comb. nov., Ceodes coronata comb. nov., Ceodes diandra comb. nov., Ceodes gigantocarpa comb. nov., Ceodes gracilescens comb. nov., Ceodes lanceolata comb. nov., Ceodes merytifolia comb. nov., Ceodes muelleriana comb. nov., Ceodes rapaensis comb. nov., Ceodes sechellarum comb. nov., Ceodes taitensis comb. nov. et Ceodes wagneriana comb. nov. Une distribution générale de chaque espèce reconnue dans ce travail est également incluse, ainsi que des dessins au trait et des images en couleur des espèces représentatives de Ceodes , Pisonia et Rockia , et préparé une clé dichotomique mise à jour basée sur les caractères reproductifs des neuf genres ( Ceodes , Cephalotomandra , Grajalesia , Guapira , Neea , Neeopsis , Pisonia , Pisoniella et Rockia ) comprenant la tribu Pisonieae .

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          Most cited references 27

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          The distribution, abundance and dispersal by seabirds of Pisonia grandis

           T. Walker (1991)
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            Dispersal and germination of seeds of Pisonia grandis, an Indo-Pacific tropical tree associated with insular seabird colonies

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              New evidence of ectomycorrhizal fungi in the Hawaiian Islands associated with the endemic host Pisonia sandwicensis (Nyctaginaceae)

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                PhytoKeys
                PhytoKeys
                3
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F7FCE910-8E78-573F-9C77-7788555F8AAD
                PhytoKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2011
                1314-2003
                2020
                07 July 2020
                : 152
                : 121-136
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Departamento de Biologia Animal e Vegetal, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Campus Universitário, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445, Km 380, 86057-970, Londrina, PR, Brazil Universidade Estadual de Londrina Londrina Brazil
                [2 ] Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany, MRC 166, Washington, DC 20013‐7012, USA Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC United States of America
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Elson Felipe Sandoli Rossetto ( rossetto.felipe@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: Alexander Sukhorukov

                Article
                50611
                10.3897/phytokeys.152.50611
                7360658
                Elson Felipe Sandoli Rossetto, Marcos A. Caraballo-Ortiz

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Funded by: Smithsonian Institution 100000014 http://doi.org/10.13039/100000014
                Categories
                Research Article
                Nyctaginaceae
                Taxonomy
                Pacific

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