12 November 2019
This paper introduces an internal multiple prediction method based on imaging profile prediction and Kirchhoff demigration. First, based on an inputted prestack time migration profile, the method predicts the prestack time migration profile that only includes internal multiples by inverse scattering series method. Second, the method uses velocity-weighted Kirchhoff demigration to create shot gathers that contains only internal multiples. Internal multiple prediction based on the prestack time migration profile effectively reduces the computational cost of multiple predictions, and the internal-multiple shot gathers created by Kirchhoff demigration remarkably reduces the complexity of the practical problem. Internal multiple elimination can be conducted through the combined adaptive multiple subtraction based on event tracing. Synthetic and field data tests show that the method effectively predicts internal multiples and possesses considerable potential in field data processing, particularly in areas where internal multiples develop seriously.