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      Psychological sequelae of hate-crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults.

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      Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          Questionnaire data about criminal victimization experiences were collected from 2,259 Sacramento-area lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (N = 1,170 women, 1,089 men). Approximately 1/5 of the women and 1/4 of the men had experienced victimization because of their adult sexual orientation. Hate crimes were less likely than nonbias crimes to have been reported to police. Compared with other recent crime victims, lesbian and gay hate-crime survivors manifested significantly more symptoms of depression, anger, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress. They also displayed significantly more crime-related fears and beliefs, lower sense of mastery, and more attributions of their personal setbacks to sexual prejudice than did nonbias crime victims and nonvictims. Comparable differences were not observed among bisexuals. The findings highlight the importance of recognizing hate-crime survivors' special needs in clinical settings and in public policy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
          Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          1939-2117
          0022-006X
          1999
          1999
          : 67
          : 6
          : 945-951
          Article
          10596515
          © 1999

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