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      Operational Laboratory Methods for GDGTs Groups Separation

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          Abstract

          Glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), specific membrane lipids synthesized mainly by bacteria and archaea, can be divided into isoprenoids and methyl branched alkyl GDGTs (iGDGTs and brGDGTs, respectively). Three GDGTs groups (iGDGTs, brGDGTs, and other membrane lipids) in a peat sample were separated and collected in this study using semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and silica gel column chromatography. The obtained recoveries for the whole analytical procedure were 85% – 55% using semi-preparative HPLC and 70% – 20% using gel column chromatography. In addition, in each method, the recoveries of brGDGTs and iGDGTs were similar, regardless of the huge difference in their contents. High purity was found in the fractionated groups, determined based on ether cleavage and reduction. Moreover, the semi-preparative HPLC method could realize a better separation efficiency than the silica gel method, but it was time-consuming and required expensive equipment, while the silica gel chromatography method featured merits of time saving and convenient operation at the cost of a slight reduction in separation efficiency. The advantages of the silica gel method make it an operational laboratory method for batch experiments and isotopic studies.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JOUC
          Journal of Ocean University of China
          Science Press and Springer (China )
          1672-5182
          02 September 2020
          01 October 2020
          : 19
          : 5
          : 1073-1080
          Affiliations
          1State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LI Li, E-mail: lilitju@ 123456tongji.edu.cn
          Article
          s11802-020-4339-y
          10.1007/s11802-020-4339-y
          Copyright © Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020.

          The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is hereby assigned for good and valuable consideration to the editorial office of Journal of Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

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          Self URI (journal-page): https://www.springer.com/journal/11802

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