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      Empathy and Sympathy as Mediators Between Parental Inductive Discipline and Prosocial Behavior in Colombian families Translated title: Empatía y simpatía como Mediadores entre la Disciplina Inductiva Parental y la Conducta Prosocial en Familias Colombianas

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          Abstract

          The objective of this study was to evaluate the mediation of adolescent empathy and sympathy between parental inductive discipline and adolescent prosocial behavior, as well as to understand whether there are differences between male and female adolescents regarding moral emotions and prosocial behavior and differences between fathers and mothers regarding inductive discipline. The study enrolled 717 participants: 239 fathers, 239 mothers, and one adolescent child of each paired mother and father. Two models of mediation were undertaken, one for empathy and another for sympathy, both resulted statistically significant. Significant differences were also found between male and female adolescents in empathy but not in sympathy or prosocial behavior; specifically, female adolescents tended to be more empathetic than male adolescents. We suggest future studies focus on prosocial behavior associated with parental socioeconomic and educational levels.

          Translated abstract

          El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la simpatía y la empatía en adolescentes como mediadores entre la disciplina inductiva en los padres y el comportamiento prosocial en los adolescentes, así como conocer si existen diferencias entre hombres y mujeres adolescentes en las emociones morales y el comportamiento prosocial y las diferencias entre padres y madres en cuanto a la disciplina inductiva. Este estudio contó con 717 participantes: 239 padres, 239 madres y un hijo adolescente por cada pareja de padres. Se llevaron a cabo dos modelos de mediación, uno para empatía y otro para simpatía, ambos resultaron estadísticamente significativos También se encontraron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres adolescentes en empatía pero no en la simpatía o comportamiento prosocial; concretamente, mujeres adolescentes tienden a ser más empáticas que los hombres adolescentes. Sugerimos que futuros estudios se enfoquen en comportamiento prosocial asociado con niveles socioeconómicos y de educación.

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          Most cited references 82

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          Assessment of Individual Differences in Empathy

           Mark Davis (2018)
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            Empathy and moral development: implications for caring and justice

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              Emotion, regulation, and moral development

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ijpr
                International Journal of Psychological Research
                int.j.psychol.res.
                Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín
                2011-2084
                July 2015
                : 8
                : 2
                : 34-48
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de la Sabana Colombia
                [2 ] Universidad de la Sabana Colombia
                Article
                S2011-20842015000200004

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Colombia
                Categories
                SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY

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