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      New urban poverty in China: Disadvantaged retrenched workers

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      International Development Planning Review

      Liverpool University Press

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          Abstract

          China's state-owned enterprise reform has laid off tens of millions of workers (xiagang zhigong) and created a massive new urban underclass. According to the central government's policies, 'retrenched' does not necessarily mean 'unemployed' and a handful of countermeasures to alleviate urban poverty were put into practice. Have these policies been implemented? Were these central government policies implemented correctly at the grassroots level? How have retrenched workers been treated? This paper uses interviews with individual retrenched workers to provide different stories about the reasons they were retrenched; how they were retrenched; the 'invisible injuries' they have been enduring; and their views about social and political issues. This paper concludes that this disadvantaged urban underclass could become a new element of social unrest and a real threat to the Chinese government if no further attention is given to them.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Inequalities in access to community resources in a Chinese city

          (2021)
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            Small City, big solution? China's hukou system reform and its potential impacts

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              Poverty lines or household strategies? A review of conceptual issues in the study of urban poverty

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                idpr
                121627
                International Development Planning Review
                Liverpool University Press
                1474-6743
                1478-3401
                1 June 2004
                3 November 2009
                : 26
                : 2 ( otherID: KR0122256618 )
                : 117-139
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
                Article
                8372715Q5U288P07
                10.3828/idpr.26.2.1

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