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      Flavopereirine Suppresses the Progression of Human Oral Cancer by Inhibiting the JAK-STAT Signaling Pathway via Targeting LASP1

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          Abstract

          Objective

          Flavopereirine has been identified to be a potential anti-cancer agent in several types of human cancer. This study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer activity of flavopereirine in oral cancer.

          Methods

          The effect of flavopereirine on cell viability of human oral cancer cell lines (BcaCD885 and Tca8113) was evaluated by MTT assay and colony formation assay. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were detected by flow cytometry. Cell invasion and migration were evaluated by Transwell assay. The expression of LASP1, JAK2, p-JAK2, STST3, p-STST3, STST5 and p-STST5 was evaluated by qRT-PCR and Western blot. In addition, the xenograft mouse model was constructed to determine the anti-cancer role of flavopereirine in vivo.

          Results

          Flavopereirine significantly inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT process of BcaCD885 and Tca8113 cells, while promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. Flavopereirine markedly decreased the expression levels of p-JAK2, p-STST3 and p-STST5, while increased the expression levels of LASP1. In addition, downregulation of LASP1 significantly increased the expression levels of p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and p-STAT5 compared with si-NC in BcaCD885 cells. Moreover, flavopereirine was found to decrease tumor weight and volume of xenograft tumors in vivo.

          Conclusion

          Flavopereirine inhibited the progression of oral cancer through inactivating the JAK/STAT signaling pathway by upregulating LASP1, suggesting that flavopereirine might be a potential anti-cancer agent for oral cancer.

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          Most cited references 40

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          Potential role of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 signaling pathway in inflammation, survival, proliferation and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma.

          Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal malignancies, and is also the fourth most common cancer worldwide with around 700,000 new cases each year. Currently, first line chemotherapeutic drugs used for HCC include fluorouracil, cisplatin, doxorubicin, paclitaxel and mitomycin, but most of these are non-selective cytotoxic molecules with significant side effects. Sorafenib is the only approved targeted therapy by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for HCC treatment, but patients suffer from various kinds of adverse effects, including hypertension. The signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription 3 (STAT3) protein, one of the members of STATs transcription factor family, has been implicated in signal transduction by different cytokines, growth factors and oncogenes. In normal cells, STAT3 activation is tightly controlled to prevent dysregulated gene transcription, whereas constitutively activated STAT3 plays an important role in tumorigenesis through the upregulation of genes involved in anti-apoptosis, proliferation and angiogenesis. Thus, pharmacologically safe and effective agents that can block STAT3 activation have the potential both for the prevention and treatment of HCC. In the present review, we discuss the possible role of STAT3 signaling cascade and its interacting partners in the initiation of HCC and also analyze the role of various STAT3 regulated genes in HCC progression, inflammation, survival, invasion and angiogenesis. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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            Oral cancer: Etiology and risk factors: A review.

            Oral cancer is the sixth most common malignancy in the world. Oral cancer is of major concern in Southeast Asia primarily because of the prevalent oral habits of betel quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Despite recent advances in cancer diagnoses and therapies, the 5.year survival rate of oral cancer patients has remained at a dismal 50% in the last few decades. This paper is an overview of the various etiological agents and risk factors implicated in the development of oral cancer.
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              Promotion of colorectal cancer growth and metastasis by the LIM and SH3 domain protein 1.

              LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP-1), initially identified from a cDNA library of metastatic axillary lymph nodes of breast cancer patients, is a specific focal adhesion protein involved in numerous biological and pathological processes. The overexpression of LASP-1 has been described in several types of cancers, but the role of LASP-1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is unknown. In a previous study, comparative proteomic analysis was performed and LASP-1 was identified as a CRC-associated protein in those patients with CRC. Using immunohistochemistry, we analysed LASP-1 protein expression in 126 clinicopathologically characterised CRC cases. Using gene transfection and RNA interference, we investigated the effects of LASP-1 overexpression and depletion on tumor cellular behavior in vitro and in vivo. Using 2-D DIGE, we analysed the effect of the presence and absence of LASP-1 gene on protein expression profiles of CRC cells. Overexpression of LASP-1 was found in metastatic CRC tissues (p=0.002), and its expression level was closely correlated with overall survival of patients with CRC (p=0.002). RNA interference-mediated silencing of the LASP-1 gene in SW620 CRC cells inhibited cell proliferation and migration significantly. However, gene transfection-mediated overexpression of LASP-1 in SW480 CRC cells resulted in aggressive phenotypes of cancer cells and promoted cancer growth and metastasis. Furthermore, both overexpression and silencing of the LASP-1 gene caused a very similar protein expression pattern in different CRC cell lines. The identified LASP-1-modulated proteins, including some key cellular molecules, were involved in various biological processes. The results show that LASP-1 might be a promising target in the treatment of patients with CRC with growth and metastasis of CRC.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                dddt
                dddt
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove
                1177-8881
                22 April 2021
                2021
                : 15
                : 1705-1716
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Fujian Provincial Hospital , Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, 350001, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Junwu Xu Tel + 86-591-87557768 Email junwuxufujian@163.com
                Article
                284213
                10.2147/DDDT.S284213
                8076722
                © 2021 Xu et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 7, References: 40, Pages: 12
                Categories
                Original Research

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