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      Tumour Suppressor Genes in the Pathogenesis of Human Pituitary Tumours

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          Abstract

          Abnormal cell proliferation is controlled by opposing actions of oncogene products (stimulatory) and tumour suppressor gene (TSG) products (inhibitory). The former are dominantly acting, i.e. only one copy needed for tumorigenesis, whilst for TSG both copies of the gene must be inactivated so these are recessive at a cellular level. For anterior pituitary tumours only one oncogene (Gsp) has been identified in a variable proportion (4-40%) of a single tumour subtype (somatotrophinomas). Contrariwise, allelic deletion studies, using a PCR-based microsatellite polymorphism analysis of DNA extracted from archival specimens, have shown significant loss of heterozygosity in 20-40 % of all tumour subtypes at the locus of the putative MEN-1 gene (chr. 11q13); the retinoblastoma gene (chr. 13q 12-14), and 10q26. Moreover, these DNA microdeletions were concentrated in radiologically invasive tumours compared to noninvasive tumours (modified Hardy gdes 3 and 4 vs. 1+2). In addition, 50% of Cushing’s adenomas showed presence of p53 immunopositivity, though no point mutations in exons 4-9 were found, by SSCP analysis, to account for this. These studies show that analysis of TSGs in pituitary adenomas may provide clues to their pathogenesis, and more importantly relate to clinical behaviour of the tumour, and hence aid decisions regarding management.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6504-2
          978-3-318-01928-5
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1997
          1997
          09 December 2008
          : 47
          : 4-6
          : 185-193
          Affiliations
          Centre for Cell and Molecular Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine, Keele University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK
          Article
          185463 Horm Res 1997;47:185–193
          10.1159/000185463
          9167951
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Recent Progress on the Molecular Aspects of Endocrine Tumors: Clinical Implications

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