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      School adaptation and behavior of the first batch of college students returning to school during the COVID-19 epidemic


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          Objective To analyze the school adaptation and behavioral performance of the first batch of students who return to school during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to provide a theoretical basis for further development of corresponding intervention measures.

          Methods The method of cluster sampling was adopted to conduct anonymous questionnaire survey on the first batch of college students who have returned to a certain university. The survey contents included the basic information of the students, the adaptability of the school after returning to school and the corresponding behavior performance.

          Results Male students reported high lever of satisfaction than female students on the dormitory environment health ( t = 10.28, P<0.01), but low satisfaction on school security and logistical support ( t = 2.26, P =0.02), rural students marked higher score than urban students for the school closed management system ( t = 2.82, P = 0.01), in terns of school security, Logistics, the degree of school’s attention to the epidemic prevention and epidemic prevention, non only-child gave high score than the only children; In terms of their own behavior, the rate of seek medical treatment immediately when they develop COVID-19 related symptoms (68.1%) was lower than that of others (81.3%) ( χ 2= 223.88, P<0.01); In addition, the percentage of respondents who chose to report COVID-19 related symptoms (79.5%) was lower than that of others (88.7%) ( χ 2= 97.49, P<0.01). A total of 2 671 college students (98.9%) were able to wear masks every day and 2 457 (90.9%) chose to improve their diet to improve their immunity.

          Conclusion The first batch of college students who return to school have a high level of satisfaction on school management, and can take active measures to adapt to the life back to school and commit self-protection, however targeted measures to are still needed further strengthen students’ health education.


          【摘要】 目的 分析新冠肺炎 (COVID-19)疫情期间某髙校首批返校大学生的学校适应情况及行为表现, 为制定相应干 预措施提供理论依据。 方法 采用方便抽样的方法对某髙校首批返校的2 702名大学生进行匿名问卷调査, 内容包括大 学生的基本信息、返校后学校适应情况及相应行为表现等。 结果 男生对宿舍环境卫生满意度评分髙于女生 ( t = 10.28, P <0.01), 对学校安保和后勤保障满意度评分低于女生 ( t = 2.26, P =0.02), 农村大学生对学校封闭管理制度评分髙于城市大 学生( t = 2.82, P =0.01), 非独生子女在安保后勤、防疫工作、学校对防疫的重视度评分及总评分均髙于独生子女 ( P值均< 0.05)。若调査对象自身出现COVID-19疑似症状, 选择立即就医的比例 (68.1%)低于他人出现症状劝其就诊的比例 (81.3%)( χ 2 = 223.88, P<0.01)。若调査对象自身出现COVID-19疑似症状, 选择报告辅导员的比例 (79.5% )低于他人出 现症状劝其上报的比例 (88.7%)( χ 2 = 97.49, P<0.01)。2 671名 (98.9%)大学生能坚持每天戴口罩, 2 457名 (90.9%)大学 生选择改善饮食以提髙自身免疫力。 结论 首批返校大学生对学校各方面满意度较髙, 能够采取积极措施适应返校生活、 做好自我防护, 但仍需采取针对性措施进一步加强大学生健康教育。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 February 2021
          01 February 2021
          : 42
          : 2
          : 224-227
          [1] 1 School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College/Institute of Chronic Disease Control and Prevention, Wan-nan Medical College, Wuhu (241002), Anhui Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding authors: CHEN Yan, E-mail: bingyan-1209@ 123456163.com ; YAO Ying-shui, E-mail: yingshuiyao@ 123456163.com
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Social adjustment,Coronavirus,Health education,Behavior,Students


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