28
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Anticausatives are weak scalar expressions, not reflexive expressions

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We discuss conceptual and empirical arguments from Germanic, Romance and Slavic languages against an analysis treating anticausative verbs as derived from their lexical causative counterparts under reflexivization. Instead, we defend the standard account to the semantics of the causative alternation according to which anticausatives in general, and anticausatives marked with reflexive morphology in particular, denote simple one-place inchoative events that are logically entailed by their lexical causative counterparts. Under such an account, anticausative verbs are weak scalar expressions that stand in a semantico-pragmatic opposition to their strong lexical causative counterparts. Due to this scalar relation, the use of an anticausative can trigger the implicature that the use of its lexical causative counterpart is too strong. As usual with implicatures, they can be ‘metalinguistically’ denied, cancelled, or reinforced and we argue that these mechanisms explain all central empirical facts brought up in the literature in favor of a treatment of anticausatives as semantically reflexive predicates. Our results reinforce the view that the reflexive morphemes used in many (Indo-European) languages to mark anticausatives do not necessarily trigger reflexive semantics. However, we also show that a string involving a reflexively marked (anti-)causative verb can be forced into a semantically reflexive construal under particular conceptual or grammatical circumstances.

          Related collections

          Most cited references60

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Book: not found

          Word Meaning and Montague Grammar

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Book: not found

            Studies in the way of words

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Book: not found

              Unaccusativity: At the Syntax-Lexical Semantic Interface.

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                13 July 2016
                : 1
                : 1
                : 18
                Affiliations
                [-1]Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin
                [-2]Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Av. Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.36
                dabc8b60-8e5e-44e4-8a51-c6fe8b7b65e3
                Copyright: © 2016 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                Categories
                Research

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                causative alternation,scalar implicature,reflexive verb,anticausative verb

                Comments

                Comment on this article