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      Marine algal flora of Santa Maria Island, Azores

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          Abstract

          Background

          The algal flora of the Island of Santa Maria (eastern group of the Azores archipelago) has attracted interest of researchers on past occasions ( Drouët 1866, Agardh 1870, Trelease 1897, Schmidt 1931, Ardré et al. 1974, Fralick and Hehre 1990, Neto et al. 1991, Morton and Britton 2000, Amen et al. 2005, Wallenstein and Neto 2006, Tittley et al. 2009, Wallenstein et al. 2009a, Wallenstein et al. 2010, Botelho et al. 2010, Torres et al. 2010, León-Cisneros et al. 2011, Martins et al. 2014, Micael et al. 2014, Rebelo et al. 2014, Ávila et al. 2015, Ávila et al. 2016, Machín-Sánchez et al. 2016, Uchman et al. 2016, Johnson et al. 2017, Parente et al. 2018). Nevertheless, the Island macroalgal flora is not well-known as published information reflects limited collections obtained in short-term visits by scientists. To overcome this, a thorough investigation, encompassing collections and presence data recording, was undertaken at both the littoral and sublittoral levels down to a depth of approximately 40 m, covering an area of approximately 64 km 2. The resultant taxonomic records are listed in the present paper which also provides information on species ecology and occurrence around the Island, improving, thereby, the knowledge of the Azorean macroalgal flora at both local and regional scales.

          New information

          A total of 2329 specimens (including some taxa identified only to genus level) belonging to 261 taxa of macroalgae are registered, comprising 152 Rhodophyta , 43 Chlorophyta and 66 Ochrophyta ( Phaeophyceae ). Of these, 174 were identified to species level (102 Rhodophyta , 29 Chlorophyta and 43 Ochrophyta ), encompassing 52 new records for the Island (30 Rhodophyta , 9 Chlorophyta and 13 Ochrophyta ), 2 Macaronesian endemics ( Laurencia viridis Gil-Rodríguez & Haroun; and Millerella tinerfensis (Seoane-Camba) S.M.Boo & J.M.Rico), 10 introduced (the Rhodophyta Acrothamnion preissii (Sonder) E.M.Wollaston, Antithamnion hubbsii E.Y.Dawson, Asparagopsis armata Harvey, Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, Scinaia acuta M.J.Wynne and Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg; the Chlorophyta Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Suringar) Hariot; and the Ochrophyta Hydroclathrus tilesii (Endlicher) Santiañez & M.J.Wynne, and Papenfussiella kuromo (Yendo) Inagaki) and 18 species of uncertain status (11 Rhodophyta , 3 Chlorophyta and 4 Ochrophyta ).

          Related collections

          Most cited references 64

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          Seven Shortfalls that Beset Large-Scale Knowledge of Biodiversity

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            The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them

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              Recent plate re-organization at the Azores Triple Junction: Evidence from combined geochemical and geochronological data on Faial, S. Jorge and Terceira volcanic islands

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                25 March 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] cE3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/Azorean Biodiversity Group, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores, Portugal cE3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/Azorean Biodiversity Group, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores Portugal
                [2 ] CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores, Portugal CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores Portugal
                [3 ] MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI), Edif. Madeira Tecnopolo, Piso 2, Caminho da Penteada, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI), Edif. Madeira Tecnopolo, Piso 2, Caminho da Penteada Funchal, Madeira Portugal
                [4 ] Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes-CSIC,, Acc. Cala Sant Francesc 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona, Spain Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes-CSIC, Acc. Cala Sant Francesc 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona Spain
                [5 ] Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores, Portugal Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Açores Portugal
                [6 ] IMAR/Okeanos, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado, 9901-862 Horta, Açores, Portugal IMAR/Okeanos, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado 9901-862 Horta, Açores Portugal
                [7 ] Expolab - Ciência Viva Science Centre, Avenida da Ciência - Beta, n.º 8, Lagoa, São Miguel, Açores, Portugal Expolab - Ciência Viva Science Centre Avenida da Ciência - Beta, n.º 8, Lagoa, São Miguel, Açores Portugal
                [8 ] CCMMG (Centro do Clima Meteorologia e Mudanças Globais) & IITA-A (Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologias Agrárias e do Ambiente), Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Rua Capitão João d’Ávlia – Pico da Urze, 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal CCMMG (Centro do Clima Meteorologia e Mudanças Globais) & IITA-A (Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologias Agrárias e do Ambiente), Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias Rua Capitão João d’Ávlia – Pico da Urze, 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo, Açores Portugal
                [9 ] N/A, Ponta Delgada, Portugal N/A Ponta Delgada Portugal
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Ana I Azevedo Neto ( ana.im.neto@ 123456uac.pt ).

                Academic editor: Andreas Beck

                Article
                61909 15162
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e61909
                8016821
                Ana I Azevedo Neto, Manuela I. Parente, Eva Cacabelos, Ana Cristina Costa, Andrea Zita Botelho, Enric Ballesteros, Sandra Monteiro, Roberto Resendes, Pedro Afonso, Afonso C. L. Prestes, Rita F. Patarra, Nuno V. Álvaro, David Mila-Figueras, Raul M. A. Neto, José M. N. Azevedo, Ignacio Moreu

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 15, Tables: 4, References: 64
                Funding
                This work is financed by the ERDF in 85% and by regional funds in 15%, through the Operational Programme Azores 2020, within the scope of the project “ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072”.
                Categories
                Data Paper (Biosciences)
                Plantae
                Chromista
                Aquatic biology
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Europe

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