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      Do work technique and musculoskeletal symptoms differ between men and women performing the same type of work tasks?

      , , ,

      Applied Ergonomics

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Musculoskeletal disorders are more common among women than among men. When comparing the difference between men and women in the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, methodological problems arise as men and women seldom perform the same type of activities, neither at work nor at home. The main objective of this cross-sectional case study was to compare work technique and self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms between men and women performing the same type of work tasks within a metal industry. Other factors, such as leisure activities, were also taken into consideration. Three data collection methods were used; questionnaire, interviews and systematic observations. The results from the observations revealed that women worked more frequently and during longer times with their hands above shoulder height than men. Working with hands above shoulder height is considered a risk factor for neck and shoulder disorders according to previous studies. Workplace design factors were probably a reason for differences in working technique between men and women. A higher proportion of women than men reported shoulder symptoms. Women spent more time on household activities than men, which indicates a higher total workload in paid and unpaid work.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Applied Ergonomics
          Applied Ergonomics
          Elsevier BV
          00036870
          November 2004
          November 2004
          : 35
          : 6
          : 521-529
          Article
          10.1016/j.apergo.2004.06.008
          15374759
          © 2004

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