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      Woodland disturbance and possible land-use regimes during the Late Mesolithic in the English uplands: pollen, charcoal and non-pollen palynomorph evidence from Bluewath Beck, North York Moors, UK

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      Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

      Springer Nature

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          Fossil ascomycetes in Quaternary deposits

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            Sporormiella fungal spores, a palynological means of detecting herbivore density

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              Fire Ecology, Animal Populations and Man: a Study of some Ecological Relationships in Prehistory.

               Paul Mellars (1976)
              The occurrence of fires in many types of woodland and forested environments would have benefited human populations in several different ways. In addition to greatly increasing the mobility of the human groups, the occurrence of fire in many types of forest would have led to substantial improvements in the economic potential of the environment. Improvements in both the quantity and nutritional quality of the food supplies available to herbivorous animals would have increased not only the total carrying capacity of the environment for these species, but also the relative growth-rates and reproductive rate of the animals. In certain cases it is likely that burning would have increased the overall ‘productivity’ of ungulate populations by a factor of × 10. Similar improvements may have been achieved in the yields of certain vegetable food resources. The potential impact of these environmental changes on the population numbers and settlement patterns of human communities is discussed, and it is suggested that the adoption of systematic policies of forest burning by hunting and gathering populations may have led in certain situations to the emergence of more complex patterns of man-animal relationships which were closely similar to those of traditional ‘herding’ or ‘pastoralist’ economies.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
                Veget Hist Archaeobot
                Springer Nature
                0939-6314
                1617-6278
                November 2010
                September 30 2010
                : 19
                : 5-6
                : 439-452
                Article
                10.1007/s00334-010-0266-y
                © 2010
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