Semi-transparent MAPbI 3 planar sandwich solar cells were fabricated by simply laminating an F doped tin oxide/TiO 2/MAPbI 3/wet hole transporting material with additives and PEDOT:PSS/indium tin oxide (ITO).
Semi-transparent CH 3NH 3PbI 3 (MAPbI 3) planar sandwich solar cells could be fabricated by simply laminating an FTO (F doped tin oxide)/TiO 2/MAPbI 3/wet hole transporting material (HTM) with additives and PEDOT:PSS (poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonic acid))/indium tin oxide (ITO). The best FTO/TiO 2/MAPbI 3/P3HT with additives/PEDOT:PSS/ITO planar sandwich structured solar cells exhibited a 12.8% (deviation: 11.7% ± 0.74%) average power conversion efficiency ( η avg) but poor visible transmittance due to strong absorption by P3HT. Meanwhile, the semi-transparent FTO/TiO 2/MAPbI 3/PTAA with additives/PEDOT:PSS/ITO planar sandwich solar cells exhibited a 15.8% (deviation: 14.45% ± 0.76%) η avg without significant J– V hysteresis with respect to the forward and reverse scan directions. The average visible transmittance (AVT) was controlled from 17.3% to 6.3% and the corresponding η avg changed from 12.55% to 15.8%. The unsealed sandwich planar perovskite solar cells exhibited great air and humidity stability over 20 days due to the self-passivated device architecture of the sandwich type device.