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Validation of the French Version of the Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children (HiPIC)

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      Abstract. The study was designed to investigate the psychometric properties of the French version and the cross-language replicability of the Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children (HiPIC). The HiPIC is an instrument to assess the five dimensions of the five-factor model for children. Subjects were 552 children aged between 8 and 12 years, rated by one or both parents. At the domain level, reliability ranged from .83 to .93 and at the facet level, reliability ranged from .69 to .89. Differences between genders were congruent with those found in the Dutch sample. Girls scored higher on Benevolence and Conscientiousness. Age was negatively correlated with Extraversion and Imagination. For girls, we also observed a decrease of Emotional Stability. A series of exploratory factor analyses confirmed the overall five-factor structure for girls and boys. Targeted factor analyses and congruence coefficients revealed high cross-language replicability at the domain and at the facet levels. The results showed that the French version of the HiPIC is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing personality with children and has a particularly high cross-language replicability.

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      Most cited references 23

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          Age differences in personality across the adult life span: parallels in five cultures.

          Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in the United States have shown consistent changes between college age and middle adulthood. There appear to be declines in 3 of the 5 major factors of personality--Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness--and increases in Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. To examine cross-cultural generalizability of these findings, translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory were administered to samples in Germany, Italy, Portugal, Croatia, and South Korea (N = 7,363). Similar patterns of age differences were seen in each country, for both men and women. Common trends were also seen for the more specific traits that define the major factors. Because these nations differ substantially in culture and recent history, results suggest the hypothesis that these are universal maturational changes in adult personality.

            Author and article information

            [ 1 ] Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
            [ 2 ] Institute of Criminology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
            [ 3 ] Primary State School of Nyon, Switzerland
            Author notes
            Rossier Jérôme, Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Anthropole-3127, CH-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland, +41 21 692 32 72 +41 21 692 32 65 Jerome.Rossier@
            European Journal of Psychological Assessment
            Hogrefe Publishing
            January 2007
            : 23
            : 2
            : 125-132
            Self URI (journal-page):
            Original Articles


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