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      Age and Gender Influence Basal and Stress-Modulated Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Thyroidal Function in Fischer 344/N Rats

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          Abstract

          To investigate possible gender- and age-associated changes of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis at baseline and during stress, we studied healthy young (3-month) and old (23-month) female 344/N Fischer rats at the basal state and after 2 h of immobilization (IMMO), in parallel to age-matched male rats. At baseline, there were no major differences of HPT axis functions between young female and male animals. Old age was associated with impaired central thyroid function in both genders, albeit to a much lesser extent in females than in males. Plasma prolactin (PRL) levels were similar in young females and males but were higher in old females than males. IMMO inhibited HPT axis functions in both genders in young, but not old animals. Thus, plasma TSH and hypothalamic TRH mRNA levels were decreased by IMMO in young, but not in old rats of both genders. IMMO increased plasma PRL in young and old males, but did not have any effect in young and old females. In summary, these data indicate that age and gender exert diverse effects on HPT axis functions at baseline and after stress.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1996
          1996
          09 April 2008
          : 64
          : 6
          : 440-448
          Affiliations
          aDevelopmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and bClinical Neuroendocrinology Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md.; cDivision of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md., USA
          Article
          127150 Neuroendocrinology 1996;64:440–448
          10.1159/000127150
          8990077
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Central Effects of Stress and Adrenal Steroids

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