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      Short- and Long-Term Effects on Lipid Metabolism of Oral Contraceptives Containing 30 µg Ethinylestradiol and 150 µg Desogestrel or 3-Keto-Desogestrel

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          Abstract

          During a cross-over study with young female volunteers, the effects of a combination of 30 µg ethinylestradiol (EE) and 150 µg desogestrel (DG) or 3-keto-desogestrel (KDG) upon lipid metabolism were investigated on day 3 of the first cycle (day 3/1) and on day 21 of the third cycle of treatment (day 21/III). As compared to the control cycle, total cholesterol (CH), low-density lipoprotein CH (LDL-CH), and the apolipoproteins A-II and B were reduced already on day 3/1, the effects being more pronounced with the DG-containing formulation. On day 21/III of treatment with EE/DG, the levels of total CH, LDL-CH and apolipoprotein B did not differ from controls, while apolipoprotein A-II was significantly increased. The effects of EE/KDG were similar, except that on LDL-CH which was still reduced on day 21/III. The serum concentrations of total triglycerides (TG), very low-density lipoprotein CH (VLDL-CH), VLDL-TG, LD-TG, high-density lipoprotein CH (HDL-CH), HDL-TG, and apolipoprotein A-I were not significantly affected on day 3/1, but elevated on day 21/III. As during treatment with EE/KDG the peak level of KDG was higher than with EE/DG, the results indicate a more pronounced antagonistic effect of EE/KDG on some EE-induced changes on lipoproteins during the first days of intake. These short-term changes possibly reflect a rapid enhancement of hepatic uptake of remnants and LDL by EE. During long-term treatment, the other effects of EE, e.g. the stimulation of hepatic synthesis of TG, VLDL, and HDL and the inhibition of hepatic lipoprotein lipase, become apparent.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1995
          1995
          05 December 2008
          : 44
          : 3
          : 121-125
          Affiliations
          aDivision of Gynecological Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and bDepartment of Biological Chemistry, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany
          Article
          184610 Horm Res 1995;44:121–125
          10.1159/000184610
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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