An annotated catalogue of the type and non-type scutigeromorph centipedes (Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha) held in the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin is presented. The collection includes material from throughout the world, with a focus on former German colonies. Notes on collectors and localities are provided where appropriate. Type material for 42 Recent species or subspecies is present; all described in the early 20th century by Karl Verhoeff. However, only seven of these names remain valid with the other thirty-five currently regarded as junior synonyms. The collection in its entirety includes material from nineteen currently valid species, making up about 20% of the known world fauna. The type of a fossil species in Eocene Baltic amber is also listed for completeness.