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      Matinal, cultivar de sorgo blanco para el estado de Sinaloa Translated title: Matinal, white sorghum cultivar for the State of Sinaloa

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          Abstract

          La nueva variedad de sorgo Matinal fue desarrollado en el Campo Experimental Valle de Culiacán (CEVACU) del INIFAP y registrado con el número 2402-SOG-227-111012 en el Catálogo Nacional de Variedades Vegetales (CNVV) del SINCS de México. Esta variedad se adapta a las áreas productoras de sorgo para el estado de Sinaloa. Matinal es una variedad de ciclo vegetativo precoz, grano crema o ámbar y se recomienda para condiciones de riego y temporal. El rendimiento promedio de la variedad es de 2 850 kg ha-1 de grano y 21 900 kg ha-1 de forraje verde, supera en promedio 3% y 9.5% respectivamente, el rendimiento de híbridos comerciales de compañías privadas, que se cultivan en la región bajo las mismas condiciones en temporal. Matinal tiene aceptable calidad bromatológica como los híbridos comerciales en el forraje, con 6.91% de proteína y 74.58% de digestibilidad, compitiendo favorablemente con los testigos con 7.5% y 66%, respectivamente. Es tolerante a enfermedades en campo que se presentan en la región, como son: ergot (Claviceps africana), antracnosis (Colletotrichum graminicola), tizón de la panoja (Fusarium moniliforme) y pudrición carbonosa del tallo (Macrophomina phaseolina). Además Matinal presentó un tamaño de grano de 4.4, 4.2 y 2.8 mm de largo, ancho y grosor, respectivamente; y una composición química de proteínas, lípidos, cenizas y carbohidratos de 13.9, 4.1, 1.8 y 80.2%, respectivamente; por lo que se propone a Matinal como una nueva variedad potencial para ser cultivada en el estado de Sinaloa.

          Translated abstract

          The new variety of sorghum Matinal was developed in the Culiacán Valley Experimental Field (CEVACU) of INIFAP and with the number 2402-SOG-227-111012 in the National Catalogue of Plant Varieties. This variety fits the sorghum producing areas of Sinaloa. Matinal is a variety of early growing season, grain or cream amber and is recommended for irrigated and rainfed conditions. The average yield is 2 850 kg ha-1 of grain and 21 900 kg ha-1 of green fodder, passing the average of 3% and 9.5% respectively, the yield of commercial hybrids of private companies, which are grown in the region under the same rainfed conditions. Matinal has an acceptable bromatological quality as the commercial hybrids in forage with 6.91% and 74.58% protein digestibility, competing favorably with the control with 7.5% and 66% respectively is tolerant field diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps africana), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), head blight (Fusarium moniliforme) and Charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina). Furthermore, Matinal presented a grain size of 4.4, 4.2 and 2.8 mm in length, width and thickness, respectively, and chemical composition of protein, lipid, ash and carbohydrates 13.9, 4.1, 1.8 and 80.2%, respectively, so Matinal is proposed as a new potential for cultivation in the state of Sinaloa variety.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Combined relation of plant maturity, temperature, and soil moisture to charcoal stalk rot development in grain sorghum

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            Influence of cropping systems on Macrophomina phaseolina populations in soil

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              Effect of Protease Treatment Before Hydrolysis with α-Amylase on the Rate of Starch and Protein Hydrolysis of Maize, Whole Sorghum, and Decorticated Sorghum

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                remexca
                Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
                Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc
                Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias
                2007-0934
                May 2014
                : 5
                : spe7
                : 1321-1326
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias México
                [2 ] Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa México
                Article
                S2007-09342014001100005

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 International License.

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                Categories
                Agriculture, Multidisciplinary

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