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Bilayer Quantum Hall States at \(\nu=1\) and Coulomb Drag


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      We consider a number of strongly-correlated quantum Hall states which are likely to be realized in bilayer quantum Hall systems at total Landau level filling fraction \({\nu_T}=1\). One state, the \((3,3,-1)\) state, can occur as an instability of a compressible state in the large \(d/l_B\) limit, where \(d\) and \(l_B\) are the interlayer distance and magnetic length, respectively. This state has a hierarchical descendent which is interlayer coherent. Another interlayer coherent state, which is expected in the small \(d/l_B\) limit is the well-known Halperin \((1,1,1)\) state. Using the concept of composite fermion pairing, we discuss the wavefunctions which describe these states. We construct a phase diagram using the Chern-Simons Landau-Ginzburg theory and discuss the transitions between the various phases. We propose that the longitudinal and Hall drag resistivities can be used together with interlayer tunneling to experimentally distinguish these different quantum Hall states. Our work indicates the bilayer \({\nu_T}=1\) quantum Hall phase diagram to be considerably richer than that assumed so far in the literature.

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      27 November 2000
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      Supersedes cond-mat/0010226


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