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      Correction to: Agricultural trade policies and child nutrition in low- and middle-income countries: a cross-national analysis


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          Correction to: Globalization and Health ( 2019) 15:21 DOI: 10.1186/s12992-019-0463-0 Following publication of the original article [1], the author flagged that two sets of errors had unfortunately been missed during production of the article. Firstly, in the ‘Results’ of the article’s Abstract it read “(0.02, 95% CI,0.00–0.05)”, while it should read “(0.02, 95% CI: 0.00–0.05)”. Secondly, in Table 2 of the article, in the 4th and 5th columns, it read “> 1 parent self-employed agriculture” and “> 1 parent earning wages agriculture”, respectively. However, the “>” symbol in these two columns should instead be “≥”, to signify ‘1 or more parents’, rather than ‘more than 1 parent’. The publisher apologizes for this processing error.

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          Agricultural trade policies and child nutrition in low- and middle-income countries: a cross-national analysis

          Background There has been growing interest in understanding the role of agricultural trade policies in diet and nutrition. This cross-country study examines associations between government policies on agricultural trade prices and child nutrition outcomes, particularly undernutrition. Methods This study links panel data on government distortions to agricultural incentives to data from 212,258 children aged 6 to 35 months participating in Demographic and Health Surveys from 22 countries between 1991 and 2010. Country fixed-effects regression models were used to examine the association between within-country changes in nominal rates of assistance to tradable agriculture (government price distortions as a percentage of original prices) and child nutritional outcomes (height-for-age, weight-for-age, and weight-for-height Z-scores) while controlling for a range of time-varying country covariates. Results Five-year average nominal rates of assistance to tradable agriculture ranged from − 72.0 to 45.5% with a mean of − 5.0% and standard deviation of 18.9 percentage points. A 10-percentage point increase in five-year average rates of assistance to tradable agriculture was associated with improved height-for-age (0.02, 95% CI,0.00–0.05) and weight-for-age (0.05, 95% CI: 0.02–0.09) Z-scores. Improvements in nutritional status were greatest among children who had at least one parent earning wages in agriculture, and effects decreased as a country’s proportion of tradable agriculture increased, particularly for weight-for-age Z-scores. Conclusions Government assistance to tradable agriculture, such as through reduced taxation, was associated with small but significant improvements in child nutritional status, especially for children with a parent earning wages in agriculture when the share of tradable agriculture was not high. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (10.1186/s12992-019-0463-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

            Author and article information

            Global Health
            Global Health
            Globalization and Health
            BioMed Central (London )
            10 April 2019
            10 April 2019
            : 15
            : 28
            [1 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 7531, GRID grid.429997.8, Innovative Methods & Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions, , Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, ; 150 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111 USA
            [2 ]ISNI 0000000121901201, GRID grid.83440.3b, Institute of Advanced Studies, University College London, ; Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK
            [3 ]ISNI 000000041936754X, GRID grid.38142.3c, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, ; 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 USA
            [4 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2364 4210, GRID grid.7450.6, University of Göttingen; Center for Modern Indian Studies, ; Waldweg 26, Altbau 1.118, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
            [5 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2322 6764, GRID grid.13097.3c, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, , King’s College London, ; Strand Campus, Strand, London, WC2R2LS UK
            [6 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2156 2780, GRID grid.5801.c, ETH Zürich, NADEL Center for Development and Cooperation, ; Clausiusstrasse 37, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
            © The Author(s). 2019

            Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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            Health & Social care
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