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      Effects of Passive Immunization against Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide on Serum Prolactin and LH Levels

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          Abstract

          Recent findings suggest that vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) may be a physiological regulator of prolactin secretion and may also be involved in the control of LH secretion. In the present work we have studied the effect of the blockade of endogenous VIP by means of the injection of a specific rabbit anti-VIP serum, in male and female rats with hyperprolactinemia. The administration of 0.5 ml of the VIP antiserum in ovariectomized rats given an acute or chronic treatment with 17β-estradiol induced a significant decrease in serum prolactin and LH levels as compared with estrogenized-control rats injected with normal rabbit serum. Anti-VIP serum also reduced serum LH levels in ovariectomized rats not treated with estrogens. The administration of the same antiserum decreased serum prolactin levels in male rats implanted with 2 anterior pituitary glands under the kidney capsule. On the other hand, the injection of the anti-VIP serum in the morning in proestrus rats brought about an increase in serum prolactin and LH levels in the afternoon of the same day. These results confirm previous data showing that VIP is a stimulator of prolactin release, and may also participate in the control of LH secretion in ovariectomized rats acting as a facilitatory factor. During proestrus however, VIP may act in an opposite way, inhibiting, rather than stimulating, prolactin and LH release.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1989
          1989
          02 April 2008
          : 49
          : 6
          : 574-579
          Affiliations
          aCentro de Investigaciones en Reproductión, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; bDepartamento de Psicobiología, Instituto Cajal, Madrid, España
          Article
          125171 Neuroendocrinology 1989;49:574–579
          10.1159/000125171
          2770978
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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