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      The Effects of High-Dose Corticosteroid Therapy on Optic Nerve Head Blood Flow in Experimental Traumatic Optic Neuropathy

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          Abstract

          Purpose: The objective of this study was to ascertain the effect of high-dose steroid therapy in traumatic optic neuropathy using the Heidelberg retina flowmeter (HRF) to detect changes in optic nerve head blood flow. Methods: We experimentally damaged the optic nerves of 10 white rabbits with a Hartman mosquito clamp. The first group (n = 5) was treated with intravenous dexamethasone (0.25 mg/kg) every 6 h for a 48-hour period. The second group (n = 5) served as controls. Both groups were tested prior to operation, 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after surgery. Results: Experimental optic nerve damage caused a significant decrease in optic nerve head blood flow of 50.51% (p = 0.001), with a volume decrease of 46.02% (p = 0.001) and a velocity reduction of 43.12% (p = 0.002) compared to the baseline. After 2 months, in the group treated with high-dose corticosteroid therapy, optic nerve head blood flow was increased by 76.90% (p = 0.012), volume by 77.53% (p = 0.012) and velocity by 47.21% (p = 0.012) compared to the control group. Conclusion: The high-dose corticosteroid therapy improved the optic nerve head blood flow as demonstrated in experimental traumatic optic neuropathy. The HRF may be used to assess the therapeutic responses in traumatic optic neuropathy under variable conditions.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1999
          December 1999
          30 September 1999
          : 31
          : 6
          : 463-470
          Affiliations
          aInstitute of Vision Research and Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, and bDepartment of Ophthalmology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Korea
          Article
          55572 Ophthalmic Res 1999;31:463–470
          10.1159/000055572
          10474076
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 18, Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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